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Civics > 1137 Definitions > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1137 Definitions Deck (24):
1

type of government in which a written constitution divides power between central and constituent governments

federal government

2

theory of evolution as applied to social and political spheres

social Darwinism

3

procedure of surrendering an alleged criminal by one state or authority to another

extradition

4

sharing of powers between state and federal governments

cooperative federalism

5

conditional donation of federal funds to a state or local government

grant-in-aid

6

government in which the will of the people is formulated and expressed through elected representatives

indirect democracy

7

government in which citizens elect or acquiesce to representatives according to requirements of law

republic

8

government in which the people, in mass meetings, directly translate their will into law

direct democracy

9

the supreme law of the United States

Constitution

10

group that coordinates interstate cooperation

Council of State Governments

11

The four conditions placed on grants-in-aid are:

The state must use the money for the exact purpose specified.
The state or local government must contribute a designated proportion of the total cost of the program or project.
The state must establish or appropriate an agency to administer the program or project.
The state must recognize the right of the national government to set certain standards, approve plans and policies, and impose certain regulations in connection with the program.

12

member in full standing of the political community

citizen

13

renouncing one's citizen ship by pledging allegiance to or being naturalized by a foreign state

expatriation

14

proof of alien registration

green card

15

process of granting citizen ship to an alien or national

naturalization

16

specific areas defined and protected by a government

civil rights

17

person enjoying protection of U.S. but not all privileges of citizenship

national

18

temporary visitor or resident with citizenship in another country

alien

19

most important method of political participation for a U.S. citizen

voting

20

a citizen's only responsibility in a totalitarian state

obedience

21

Requirements for aliens

have an alien registration card
obey the law
pay taxes
register yearly with the INS

22

Privileges for aliens

attending public schools
making contracts
owning property (in most states)
use the judicial system

23

Aliens are not allowed to

hold a civil service job
vote

24

Requirements for naturalization

must have been a resident for five years
must be able to read, write, and speak English
must renounce allegiance to his former country
must be of good moral character
must have entered the U.S. legally