Drugs Flashcards Preview

Nur201 > Drugs > Flashcards

Flashcards in Drugs Deck (28)
Loading flashcards...
1
Q

Isoniazid (INH)
Anti tuberculosis

A

9 month treatment used with rifampin
Most commonly used anti-TB drug
Increased risk of adverse effects with alcoholism, diabetes, uremia malnourished are older
Hepatoxicity
Hepatitis
Alcoholics
Elderly
Peripheral neuropathy

Get baseline, liver function tests

2
Q

Rifampin

A

Used with INH with active TB
Affects the use of other drugs, including benzodiazepines, corticosteroids, cyclosporine, estrogens, oral contraceptives, warfarin and others
Monitor PT/INR may need to increase dose on Coumadin patients
Take one hour before or two hours after meals

Adverse effects
Hepatotoxicity
Urine saliva, sputum, sweat, teeth, and tears to turn a reddish orange to reddish brown color
Nausea, vomiting, diarrhea

3
Q

Rimantadine (flumadine)

A

Used to control outbreaks of influenza A

4
Q

Oseltamivir (tamilfu)

A

Used to treat flu virus
Reduction of recovery for one to two days
Take with or without food
Life-threatening arrhythmias (Rare but serious )

5
Q

Amantadine (symmetrel)
Flu

A

Blocks the uncoating of the virus, preventing penetration to the host

Side effects
Dizziness
Lightheadedness
Nervousness with anxiety
Inability to concentrate 

6
Q

Zanamivir (relenza)
Flu

A

Disc inhaler delivery system
Use cautiously with COPD and asthmatic patients 

7
Q

Glucocorticoids

A

Used with acute exasperations of COPD not long-term
Reduction of inflammation

Side effects
Weight gain
Fluid retention
Night sweats
Insomnia
Hypokalemia leading to risk of cardiac arrhythmias
Anxiety increased heart rate
Increases appetite
Easy bruising

Long term side effects
Bone weakness
Osteoporosis
Weakened immune system

8
Q

Antitussives

A

Cough prevention
Dextromethorphan
Cough, suppressant neurological level of the brain that triggers the cough reflux

Side effects
Hallucinations, confusion, agitation, increased, heart rate 

9
Q

Nasal decongestant

A

Pseudoephedrine
Fluticasone

Stimulant increased heart rate
Shrink, swollen, nasal mucus membranes

Increases drainage of sinus secretion

Side effects hypertension urinary retention arrhythmias 

10
Q

Antihistamines

A

Diphenhydramine (Benedetto)
Allergies
Sedating
Common side effect, fatigue, dry mouth 

11
Q

Non-sedating antihistamines

A

Cetirizine (Zyrtec)
Laoratadine (Claritin)

Treatment of allergies, common side effect, dry mouth, headache, and a Abdominal pain, serious side effect includes aggression and angioedema works at the histamine receptor level 

12
Q

Sympathomimetics

A

Albuterol
Opens up the bronchi of the lungs

Treatment for asthmatics COPD exasperation allergic reactions that caused bronchial tightness

Relaxes the smooth muscles of the airway

Side effects
Shakiness
Anxiety
Headache
Tachycardia
Bronchospasm
Low potassium

Metaproternol
Salmetrol
Terbutaline 

13
Q

Anticholinegics

A

Ipratropium bromide
Tiotroprium

14
Q

Xanthines

A

Aminophyline
Theophylline
Bronchodilator

15
Q

Inhaled, steroids and tropical steroid nasal decongestants

A

Budesonide
Flunisolide
Beclomethasone
Fluticasone aerosol
Triamcinolone

16
Q

Leukotriene receptor agonist

A

Zafirlukast
Montelukast
Asthma

17
Q

Mast cell stabilizer

A

Cromilyn (nasalcrom)

18
Q

Epoietin alfa (epogen, procrit)

A
19
Q

Iron preparation

A
20
Q

Cyanocobalamin
Vitamin B12

A

Relieves symptoms of anemia
Decreased H&H fatigue, dyspnea
Improved neurological symptoms
Paresthesia, sore tongue
Injections continued for life 

21
Q

Antihemophilic agents

A

Ineffective tissue perfusion related to changes in coagulation
Acute pain related to side effects
Deficient knowledge related to drug therapy
Monitor for response
Monitor For adverse effects
Evaluate effective teaching
Monitor compliance 

22
Q

Antithrombotic and antithromboembolic medication’s

A

Anticoagulants
Used in thrombotic disorders
Antiplatelets
Used to prevent arterial thrombosis
Thrombolytics
Dissolve, thrombi, and limit tissue damage and thromboembolic disorders 

23
Q

Thrombolytic agents

A

Goal reestablish blood flow as quickly as possible prevent limit tissue damage

Strict timeline for administration within four hours of symptoms

Main adverse effect bleeding

-ase

24
Q

Anticoagulants

A

Given to prevent new clot formation, and extension of clots present

Indications for use prevention or management of thromboembolic disorders
Thrombophlebitis DVT pulmonary embolism

Main adverse effect bleeding

Drug drug interactions 

25
Q

Anticoagulant heparin

A

Regulated by activated, partial thromboplastin time aPTT

Warfarin regulated by international normalized ratio (INR), Based on prothrombin time (PT)
Lab drawn daily until therapeutic
Once therapeutic drawn every 2 to 4 weeks for duration of anticoagulant therapy, unless dose adjusted 

26
Q

Heparin, warfarin antidote

A

Heparin protamine sulfate

Warfarin, vitamin K 

27
Q

Colony stimulating factors CSF

A

Stimulate production of red blood cells, platelets granulocytes

28
Q

Filgrastim (neupogen)

A

Stimulates bone marrow to correct neutropenia

Used for neutropenia caused by chemotherapy, bone marrow transplant

Stimulates stem cell production

Subcutaneous or IV administration

Not to be given within 24 hours of chemo