14-03 ALL EMBRYO II 2018 - GIT Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 14-03 ALL EMBRYO II 2018 - GIT Deck (74)
1

oral cavity, most parts (stomodeum)

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

ectoderm derivative

2

appendix

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut caudal limb

3

transverse colon distal 3rd

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

hindgut

4

jejenum

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut cephalic limb

5

stomach

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

foregut

6

Ampulla of Vater wirh first few cm of duodenum

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

foregut

7

rectum with Houston valves

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

hindgut

8

esophagus

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

foregut

9

lower half of anal canal (proctodeum)

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

ectoderm derivative

10

proximal 2/3 of transverse colon

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut caudal limb

11

caudal part of duodenum after Vater

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut cephalic limb

12

duodenal cap

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

foregut

13

vitelline duct

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut cephalic limb

14

antrum

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

foregut

15

ligament of treitz

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut cephalic limb

16

cecum and appendix

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut caudal limb

17

stomodeum

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

ectoderm derivative

18

descending colon

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

hindgut

19

ascending colon

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut caudal limb

20

hepatic flexure

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut caudal limb

21

transverse colon distal 3rd

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

hindgut

22

sigmoid colon

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

hindgut

23

Houston valve

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

hindgut

24

Hilton's line

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

ectoderm derivative

25

Dentate or pectinate line

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

ectoderm derivative

26

Z-line

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

foregut

27

pylorus

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

foregut

28

jejunum

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut cephalic limb

29

ileocecal valve

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut caudal limb

30

transverse colon proximal 2/3

[embryonic origin nitong adult derivatives na 'to]

midgut caudal limb

31

first anatomical structure to re-enter during "intestinal Loop Retraction" after physiologic umbilical herniation

proximal jejunum

32

2nd biggest Kidney System that leads to physiologic umbilical herniation of primordial intestines

mesonephros

33

ONLY appropriate manifestation how to diagnose TRUE HERMAPHRODITE

(+) OVARIES & (+) TESTES

34

anlage of "brain" * "spinal cord"

neural tube

35

anlage of "kidney"

intermediate mesoderm

36

the reason why parietal cells are stomach's

[gene for this regulatory function]

SOX-2

37

reason why islets of Langerhans are pancreas'

[gene for this regulatory function]

PDX + PAX4 & 6

38

Why appendix outgrows from cecal bud

[gene for this regulatory function]

HOX 9-11

39

why colon has taenia coli libera, mesocolla & epiploicae

[gene for this regulatory function]

CDX-2

40

why gallbladder has spiral valves of Heister

[gene for this regulatory function]

HNF-4

41

kailan? start of "physiologic umbilical herniation"

6th week AOG

42

kailan? start of "bile" production by the primordial liver

12th wk AOG

43

kailan? formation of "isletsof Langerhans"

3rd month AOG

44

kailan? start of "insulin" secretion by beta-cells of islets of Langerhans

5th month AOG

45

kailan? app. end of liver's "hematopoletic function"

7th mo. AOG

46

valves of Houston

[gut tubes nitong adult derivative na 'to]

hindgut

47

Sigmoid Colon

[gut tubes nitong adult derivative na 'to]

hindgut

48

transverse colon distal 3rd

[gut tubes nitong adult derivative na 'to]

hindgut

49

appendix

[gut tubes nitong adult derivative na 'to]

caudal limb of midgut

50

descending colon

[gut tubes nitong adult derivative na 'to]

hindgut

51

first to re-enter during "physiologuc loop retraction"

proximal jejunum

52

last to re-enter in "physiologic loop retraction"

cecal bud

53

its presence leads to physiologic umbilical herniation

mesonephros

54

common endoderm of "proximal allantois" & "terminal hindgut"

cloaca

55

will give rise to lesser omentum, Glisson's capsule, & falciform ligament

septum transversum

56

esophagus and stomach

SOX-2

57

duodenum

PDX-1

58

pancreas

activin repressing SHH + PDX-1

59

jejunum and ileum

CDX-X

60

cecum and appendix

HOX 9-11

61

colon and anorectal canal

CDX-2

62

liver

FGF-2 BMP

63

hepatocyte

HNF-3

64

Bile cell lineages for biliary tract

HNF-4

65

mesoderm cells nested expressions

HOX family of genes

66

endoderm cells nested expressions

SHH

67

will become visceral covering of gut tube

visceral (sphlanchnic) mesoderm

68

will become lesser omentum, Glisson's capsule and falciform ligament

ventral mesogastrium

69

transverse coilon and greater curvature will hold the newly formed greater omentum

true

70

most parts of the duodenum, ascending colon, descending colon will become retreoperitoneal 10th week AOG

true

71

distal 3rd of the esophagus, stomach, first 2cm of duodenum, jejunoileum, transverse colon and sigmoid colon will maintain their ____ characteristics 10th wk QAOG

intraperitoneal (not sure)

72

first 90 degrees counterclockwise midgut rotation is

physiologic herniation

73

remaining 180 degrees counterclockwise midgut rotation is

loop retraction

74

midgut physiologic herniation is secondary to presence of ___

liver