14 - Pharmacists’ roles in health promotion and disease prevention Flashcards Preview

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1

Define:

Any combination of interventions (i.e., health education and related organizational, economic, and/or political) designed to facilitate behavioral or environmental changes that will
 improve or protect public health 
Involves community-based interventions and partnerships that help a person increase control over and improve his/her health
(i.e., promotion of healthy lifestyle behaviors

HEALTH PROMOTION

2

Healthy People 2020:
 

Identifies

NATIONWIDE GOALS
specific goals
for PUBLIC HEALTH

3

TOP 2 CAUSES FOR DEATH

 

HEART DISEASE > Cancer 
40% of all adults

Almost ½ (40-50%) of the
LEADING CAUSES OF DEATH
are the RESULT of UNDERLYING BEHAVIORAL CAUSES
  ex. Drinking / eating unhealthy / smoking

4

Define:
Activities aimed to prevent and control disease,
stop the disease processes,
or reduce the consequences of disease

DISEASE PREVENTION

5

Type of Disease Prevention?

Community-based activities aimed at preventing disease/injury from occurring by
 reducing exposure to identifiable risk factors

efforts provided PRIOR to the biologic origin of disease

has overlap w/ health promotion but..
focus more on targeted diseases and often rely more on direct involvement of health professionals

PRIMARY DISEASE PREVENTION

  • Flu Shot / Vaccination
  • •Tobacco cessation
  • •Healthy Diet
  • •Regular exercise
  • •Substance abuse prevention
  • •Regular check-ups
  • •Abstinence/safe sex
  • •Safe driving

6

Type of Disease Prevention?

 

•Targeted to specific diseases

•Attempts to identify and control disease processes in
 early stages before signs and symptoms become apparent

efforts  provided AFTER disease is recognized,
but BEFORE it has caused suffering and disability.

 

SECONDARY DISEASE PREVENTION

 

•OSTEOPOROSIS SCREENING
Prevent the fractures / breaks from hapening

•DIABETES

•HYPERTENSION

7

What TYPE of Disease Prevention?

 

•Seeks to prevent disability
through restoring individuals to optimal level of functioning
after damage is done

 aims to reduce complications or disability

 

TERTIARY DISEASE PREVENTION

has some OVERLAP w/ 2* DP
ex.
preventing a SECOND Fracture in Osteoporosis

8

Why the pharmacist?

in PUBLIC HEALTH

TRAINED + QUALIFIED
to educate consumers
Health literacy / Immunization / MTM / Disease Screening
@
ACCESSIBLE LOCATION
W/
CUSTOMER TRAFFIC

9

Emergency preparedness and response

PUBLIC HEALTH roles for Pharmacists

Emergency preparedness and response
(bioterrorism and chemical terrorism, natural disasters)

•Illinois Medical Reserve Corps (MRC)

•Vaccination Response Team

10

•Pharmacists who promote public health initiatives
will help
reduce costs,
increase quality of healthy years for patients
and reduce health disparities