14/15 - Pharmacists’ roles in complementary and alternative medicine Flashcards Preview

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1

What is Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)?

•covers broad range of healing philosophies, approaches and therapies
other than those intrinsic to the dominant political health care system in a society or culture

///
a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that

 are not generally considered part of conventional medicine

2

Alternative vs Complementary
Medicine

ALTERNATIVE = USING SOMETHING INSTEAD / IN PLACE OF
not using chemo -->  using something else
Not taking RX meds, instead using herbals ONLY

Complementary = used TOGETHER WITH
•aromatherapy + RX meds

•Tai chi + meditation for anxiety with meds

3

Integrative Medicine

•Integrative medical care is a
synthesis or blend
of conventional/mainstream medical therapies
with evidence-based CAM therapies

EVIDENCE BASED

4

5 Common Domains of CAM
 

•Biologically-based therapies (Natural Products)
Supplements / Diets / herbals / Naturals
with the INTENTION of treating/preventing disease

•Alternative Medical Systems

•Manipulative and body-based practices

•Energy therapies

•Mind-body interventions

5

What type of CLAIM?

a relationship between a dietary supplement ingredient and reducing risk
of a disease or health-related condition.

•Example:
Adequate calcium throughout life may reduce the risk of osteoporosis.”

 

HEALTH CLAIM

•Health claims must be preapproved by FDA before marketing

6

What Type of Claim?

describe the relative amount
of a nutrient or dietary substance
in a product.

NUTRIENT CONTENT CLAIM

 

•rich in …”
- “excellent source of …” 
- “reduced …”
- “fat-free”
- “low sodium”
- “light”
- “high”

7

What type of Claim?

•a statement describing how a product may affect the organs or systems of the body.

•CAN NOT mention any SPECIFIC DISEASE

•Can not LEGALLY CLAIM to cure / treat any disease

 

STRUCTURE - FUNCTION CLAIMS

•Should include FDA disclaimer statement.​
•Do not require FDA approval​

“Enhances/maintains mental focus”
- “Improves mental sharpness"

 

NOT
reduced pain of arthritis
TREATS UTI's

8

FDA Considers Herbal Supplements as?

FOODS

= Difficult to REMOVE from market
only can be removed if

PROVEN TO BE UNSAFE

FTC = regulates advertisement

9

What type of Alternative Medical System?

possibly the oldest existing medical system, heritage in ancient India -- holistic system of belief that illness influenced by way one experiences life.

•Disease arises when person
 OUT OF HARMONY with UNIVERSE

•Key foundations – universal interconnectedness, body’s constitution (prakriti) and life forces/energies (doshas)

AYURVEDIC MEDICINE

no license in US

10

Potentiation

in

Homeopathy

Correct Dose = SMALLEST dose possible

DILUTIONS
1:10 = 1x

1:100 = 2x or 1c

SUCCESSION = Forceful Shaking
wakes up the "Mother's Tincture"

11