What is Complementary and Alternative Medicine (CAM)?
•covers broad range of healing philosophies, approaches and therapies
other than those intrinsic to the dominant political health care system in a society or culture
a group of diverse medical and health care systems, practices, and products that
are not generally considered part of conventional medicine
Alternative vs Complementary
ALTERNATIVE = USING SOMETHING INSTEAD / IN PLACE OF
not using chemo --> using something else
Not taking RX meds, instead using herbals ONLY
Complementary = used TOGETHER WITH
•aromatherapy + RX meds
•Tai chi + meditation for anxiety with meds
•Integrative medical care is a
synthesis or blend
of conventional/mainstream medical therapies
with evidence-based CAM therapies
5 Common Domains of CAM
•Biologically-based therapies (Natural Products)
Supplements / Diets / herbals / Naturals
with the INTENTION of treating/preventing disease
•Alternative Medical Systems
•Manipulative and body-based practices
What type of CLAIM?
•a relationship between a dietary supplement ingredient and reducing risk
of a disease or health-related condition.
“Adequate calcium throughout life may reduce the risk of osteoporosis.”
•Health claims must be preapproved by FDA before marketing
What Type of Claim?
describe the relative amount
of a nutrient or dietary substance
in a product.
NUTRIENT CONTENT CLAIM
•rich in …”
- “excellent source of …”
- “reduced …”
- “low sodium”
What type of Claim?
•a statement describing how a product may affect the organs or systems of the body.
•CAN NOT mention any SPECIFIC DISEASE
•Can not LEGALLY CLAIM to cure / treat any disease
STRUCTURE - FUNCTION CLAIMS
•Should include FDA disclaimer statement.
•Do not require FDA approval
“Enhances/maintains mental focus”
- “Improves mental sharpness"
reduced pain of arthritis
FDA Considers Herbal Supplements as?
= Difficult to REMOVE from market
only can be removed if
PROVEN TO BE UNSAFE
FTC = regulates advertisement
What type of Alternative Medical System?
•possibly the oldest existing medical system, heritage in ancient India -- holistic system of belief that illness influenced by way one experiences life.
•Disease arises when person
OUT OF HARMONY with UNIVERSE
•Key foundations – universal interconnectedness, body’s constitution (prakriti) and life forces/energies (doshas)
no license in US
Correct Dose = SMALLEST dose possible
1:10 = 1x
1:100 = 2x or 1c
SUCCESSION = Forceful Shaking
wakes up the "Mother's Tincture"