16.2 the psychological kind Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 16.2 the psychological kind Deck (38):
1

insight therapies

the goal is to resolve psychological problems by finding their root cause

2

psychodynamic therapies

the goal is to carefully seek out the unconscious causes of psychological problems, with the assumption that awareness of the cause of those problems will provide the cure
-freudian psychology
*idea is that unconscious conflicts originate from persons past experience

3

defense mechanisms

unconscious conflicts bw the ID and superego can generate irrational thinking and behaviours

4

free association

clients talk about or write down their thoughts without constraint or censorship

5

dream analysis

seeking to understand the nature of unconscious conflicts based on the contents of a clients dreams
-manifest content
-latent content

6

manifest content

is the symbolic way our conscious minds experience our dreams

7

latent content

is the deeper meaning of our dreams that reflect unconscious conflicts

8

resistance

aggressive behaviours and strong emotional rxns that provide clues of an unconscious conflict that the clients conscious mind is reluctant to confront

9

transference

-finding clients unconscious conflicts
-analyzing how the client reacts to the therapist based on the idea that it is possible to reveal unconscious conflicts formed in relationships with other ppl in a clients past such as parents based on how they relate in the social context of therapy sessions
-works best when therapist work in a way that is quite neutral and not responsive to the thoughts expressed by their clients so that the way the client acts toward the therapist can be a pure indicator of their clients unconscious habits in social relationships that have been moulded by painful relationship conflicts from childhood

10

object- relations therapy

relying on a clients conscious self-reflection and what they remember about their past to understand the source of their mental health problems

11

interpersonal therapy(IPT)

to help improve their clients success in relationships, the therapist interacts with them as a participant observer to determine the social patterns they engage in

12

humanistic-existential psychotherapy

the idea is that ppl will naturally pursue self-fulfillment if they receive enough support, acceptance, and encouragement
-in this type of therapy, the therapist is not so directive, but plays a more supportive, coach-type role

13

humanistic psychotherapy

the focus is on helping clients eliminate the obstacles that prevent themselves from achieving self-actualization
-carl rogers
-the founder of client-(or person-) centred psychotherapy
-conditions of worth

14

conditions of worth

expectations imposed by other people and ourselves that lead us away from being our true selves and reaching our fullest potential

15

unconditional positive regard

the therapist accepts, non-judgementally and supportively, all of the views that their clients express

16

existentialist psychotherapy

the main goal is for a client to confront sources of sadness, discomfort, or fear

17

a phenomenological approach

the emphasis is on current, ongoing conscious thoughts, perceptions, and feelings, instead of unconscious conflicts and long ago experiences

18

emotion-focused therapy

clients consciously experience negative emotions and explore sources of their sadness, anxiety or anger to develop skill in controlling negative thoughts and extreme emotional rxns

19

the effectiveness of insight therapies

very much depends on the quality of the relationship bw the client and the therapist, and on the clients verbal skills

20

behavioural therapies

the approach is to determine the rewards or habits that support negative behaviours to eliminate those and replace them with positive behaviours

21

systematic desensitization

eliminating phobias by combining gradual exposure to the source of the phobia with relaxation techniques

22

flooding

eliminating phobias through extreme exposure

23

Modelling

method used in certain techniques of psychotherapy whereby the clint learns by imitation alone, w/o any specific verbal direction by the therapist

24

virtual-reality exposure (VRE)

reducing fear responses through safe exposure using virtual-reality technology
-this is promising treatment for soldiers with post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD) allowing them to reduce fear responses that remain with them from their experiences in war zones

25

aversive conditioning

seeking to eliminate negative behaviours by replacing the reward ppl experience with a punishment

26

antabuse

a drug meant to help ppl overcome alcohol addiction by generating extreme nausea in them when they consume it

27

cognitive-behavioural therapy (CBT)

thought-behaviour-emotion affects of we think and feel
no side effects from drugs, more time consuming

28

cognitive restructuring

showing a person how to recognize when their thoughts are irrationally negative and to adopt perspectives and patterns of thinking that are more productive and hopeful

29

stress inoculation training

helping a client develop skills in reducing severe emotional responses that they experience in stressful situations

30

systematic desensitization: fear of heights

1. teach relaxation technique
2. write the word height and relax
3. enter bottom of tall building and relax
4. enter higher floor and relax
5. progress to an even higher floor and relax
no side effects from drugs, more time consuming

31

mindfulness-based cognitive therapy (MBCT)

the goal is to develop greater self-awareness and self-acceptance through non-judgmental self-reflection

32

Daniel siegal

the 4 goals of mindfulness
C-curious
O-open
A-accepting
L-loving

33

interpersonal atunement

having a positive and healthy relationship with oneself, based on a deep understanding and appreciation for one's unique characteristics and life experiences

34

decentring

involves processing one's own behaviours and experiences from a more objective point of view, which can be a more positive perspective for some ppl

35

group therapy

common for people who are share a similar challenge

36

family therapy

type of group therapy

37

a systems approach to psychotherapy

this approach assumes that psychological problems are not only caused by the person suffering them, but can also emerge from the actions of the other ppl in their lives

38

psychological therapies

any technique for improving mental health that doesn't involve either taking medications or having surgery

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