1.7 Earth and Atmosphere Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 1.7 Earth and Atmosphere Deck (33)
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What was the name of the experiment which carried out in the 1900s which was trying to find the original creation of amino acids?

The Miller-Urey experiment

1

Who was Alfred Wegener?

He was a german meteorologist who came up with the theory of continental drift

2

What process converted lots of the carbon dioxide in the primitive air into oxygen from today's atmosphere?

Photosynthesis

3

Why do plates move?

Radioactive decay in the core heats up the mantle. This sets up convection currents as warm magma rises to the surface and then cools again falling back down before repeating this process.This causes the plates to move slowly just a few cm per year.

4

What are the four layers of the earths structure?

Inner core, outer core, mantle and crust

5

What were the main gases present in the earths early atmosphere?

Carbon dioxide, water vapour, ammonia and methane

6

How was the amount of carbon dioxide decreased in the early atmosphere?

Photosynthesis and it was dissolved in the ocean

7

How are the gases that make up air separated?

Fractional distillation

8

What current is responsible for the movement of the Earths plates?

Convectional Currents

9

What did the electrical spark in the Miller-Urey experiments replicate?

Lightning

10

What was the name of the supercontinent that broke up into the world we know today?

Pangaea

11

What effect does sulphur dioxide have on the earth?

Global Dimming

12

Why is there uncertainty about the miller-urey experiment?

It was an experiment on a much smaller scale
We are not certain of the conditions

13

What is coal made from?

Dead plants that have been buried and have had high amounts of pressure compress them

14

What could a rise in global temperatures effect?

Sea levels
The poles
Food cycles

15

What is the Earths core made up of?

Mainly iron, but the outer core contains an Iron-Nickel alloy

16

Where do volcanoes and earthquakes tend to lie/happen?

Along plate boundaries and faults

17

What is the main gas that is released when a volcano erupts that can cause a lot of problems?

Sulphur Dioxide

18

What is the earths surface made up of?

Tectonic plates

19

What two metals do we think the core of the earth is made up of?

Iron and nickel

20

How far do plates move in one year?

A few cm

21

What was the main gase in the earths atmosphere 4.5 billion years ago?

Carbon dioxide

22

What are the two main gases in the atmosphere today?

Nitrogen and oxygen

23

What is the term used when green plants convert carbon dioxide to oxygen?

Photosynthesis

24

What is the layer of earth that humans live on?

The crust

25

What is the oxygen layer in the atmosphere that is used to block out uv rays?

Ozone layer

26

Where do volcanoes and earthquakes usually occur?

Plate boundaries and hot spots

27

What causes the plates to move?

Convection currents

28

How has the amount of carbon dioxide decreased in the Earth's atmosphere?

The carbon dioxide became locked up in fossil fuels and sedimentary rocks

29

What caused the amount of oxygen in the atmosphere to increase?

Photosynthesis