19. Tumour Classification Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 19. Tumour Classification Deck (49)
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1

Name 2 types of benign epithelial tumour

- papilloma (SURFACE EPITHELIUM)
- adenoma (GLANDULAR EPITHELIUM)

2

How are benign epithelial tumours further classified?

- by cell type of origin eg. squamous cell (SURFACE)
- by name of glandular tissue of origin eg. colonic (GLANDULAR)

3

What is the name of a benign tumour of squamous epithelium e.g. skin?

Squamous cell papilloma

4

What is the name of a benign tumour of the ductal epithelium of the pancreas?

Pancreatic cystadenoma

5

What are the exceptions to the normal rules of naming benign epithelial tumours?

- melanoma
- lymphoma
- seminoma
- mesothelioma
etc

6

What are malignant epithelial tumours called?

Carcinomas

7

How are malignant epithelial tumours derived from surface epithelial named?

By prefixing carcinoma with the cell of origin eg. squamous cell carcinoma

8

What is the name for malignant tumours derived from glandular/ductular epithelium?

Adenocarcinomas

9

Name a benign tumour of stratified squamous epithelium eg. skin, oropharynx etc.

Squamous cell papilloma

10

Name a bening tumour of basal cells of the skin

Basal cell papilloma

11

Name a benign tumour of transitional epithelium of the bladder

Transitional cell papilloma

12

Name a benign tumour of glandular epithelium of liver

Liver cell adenoma

13

Name a benign tumour of glandular epithelium of thyroid

Follicular adenoma

14

Name a malignant tumour of basal cells of the skin

Basal cell carcinoma

15

Name a malignant tumour of glandular epithelium of colon

Colonic adenocarcinoma

16

Name a malignant tumour of glandular epithelium of breast

Breast adenocarcinoma

17

How are benign mesenchymal tumours named?

Prefix = tissue or cell of origin
Suffix = '-oma'

18

What is a benign tumour of bone?

Osteoma

19

What is a benign tumour of adipose tissue?

Lipoma

20

What is a benign tumour of smooth muscle?

Leiomyoma

21

What is a benign tumour of skeletal muscle?

Rhabdomyoma

22

What is a benign tumour of a blood vessel?

Angioma / haemangioma

23

What is a benign tumour of cartilage?

Chondroma

24

What is a benign tumour of fibrous tissue?

Fibroma

25

What are malignant mesenchymal tumours called?

Sarcomas

26

How are malignant mesenchymal tumours named?

Prefix = tissue or cell of origin
Suffix = '-sarcoma'

27

What is a malignant tumour of adipose tissue?

Liposarcoma

28

What is a malignant tumour of smooth muscle?

Leiomyosarcoma

29

What is a malignant tumour of cartilage?

Chondrosarcoma

30

What is a benign tumour of melanoyctes called?

Melanocytic nevus