1914-Present Flashcards Preview

WHAP > 1914-Present > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1914-Present Deck (210)
Loading flashcards...
1

Abdicate

To relinquish office or power, resign

2

Abdicate

l

3

Armaments

Weapons

4

Armistice

A cease fire

5

Atomic Energy

A type of nuclear energy discovered by the United States during the Manhattan project and used against Japan during World War II

6

Capitalism

An economic system based on competition between businesses

7

Cold War

Lasting from 1945 to 1990, this arms race between the United States and the Soviet Union was essentially them vying from global domination.

8

Collective/Collectivization

The consolidation of private farms into state-owned enterprises

9

Communism

A socialistic ideal that aspires to economic equality and equal distribution of property within the community

10

Conservative

Resisting change, desiring to preserve traditions

11

Containment

An act or policy of preventing the expansion of a hostile power

12

Decolonization

The act of making a colony independent

13

Deposed

To unseat, displace, dismiss, remove (from a position of power)

14

Democratization

A process by which a government becomes a democracy

15

Doctrine

A belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school

16

Egalitarian

Pertaining to equal rights

17

Ethnic Cleansing

The violent and ruthless removal or elimination of an ethnic group (from a country or region) due to their ethnic backgrounds

18

Exodus

A mass departure or emigration

19

Fascism

A dictatorial system of government characterized by extreme nationalism and right-wing authoritarian views

20

First World

Modern non-Communist industrialized nations including Japan, the USA, Canada, and the nations of western Europe

21

Front Line

The line along which opposing armies face each other

22

Globalization

The process of international integration arising from the interchange of world views, products, ideas and other aspects of culture

23

Global Warming

The gradual increase of the average global temperature

24

Guerilla

A form of irregular warfare in which a small group of combatants such as armed civilians or irregulars use military tactics including ambushes, sabotage, raids, petty warfare, hit-and-run tactics, and mobility to fight a larger and less-mobile traditional military

25

Intervention

Interference by one country in the affairs of another

26

Allies

A name for the alliance between France, Britain, Russia, and the US during World War I

27

Jihad

The holy war undertaken by Muslims against those that do not believe in Islam

28

Legislature

A branch of government authorized to make laws

29

Liberal

In favor of reform, supporting a progressive philosophy (political, religious, social, etc.)

30

Militarism

A policy emphasizing and glorifying the increase of military strength and power