1d Question Answers Flashcards Preview

History Medicine Through Time > 1d Question Answers > Flashcards

Flashcards in 1d Question Answers Deck (3):
1

What would you say if the 1d question was about disease and infection improving over time?

RELIGIOUS BELIEFS
- throughout prehistory, Egypt, Greece and Middle Ages, beliefs of God causing diseases acted to hinder knowledge about treatments


KEY INDIVIDUALS
- Hippocrates, long lasting impact, but not effective treatment
- Pasteur, germ theory, major improvements about knowledge of DI, enabled more effective treatments e.g. Magic bullet and penicillin
- should be noted, pasteurs GT not poss without science and tech developments, namely microscope by J Lister

GOV
- gave Jenner £30,000 to improve work on small pox vaccine and made compulsory in 1852
- funded mass production of penicillin however may not have without war, may have had less need for it

CHANCE
- some development of treatments dependant on chance e.g. Pasteur chicken cholera vaccine and Flemings penicillin discovery.

2

What would you do if the 1d question was about surgery and anatomy improving due to different factors over time?

SCIENCE AND TECH
- X-rays developed before WW1, so could find shrapnel
- blood transfusions effectively used during WW1, further developed after WW2, stored longer and donated
- Marie curie developed radiation therapy, chance discovery after working closely with X-rays

WAR
- 65 million deaths WW2, advances needed
- surgeons operated and practiced more during war, so war always led to surgical and anatomical knowledge improvements due to mass of casualties

GOV
- funded rontgens development of X-rays and mass production of them

3

What do you say if the 1d question is about public health improving due to different factors over time?

GOV
- significant since Romans
- aqueducts, sewers, baths, toilets etc
- bc wanted fit and healthy army
- but may not have if wasn't war between Romans and barbarians, bc wouldn't have had need for such fit and healthy army
- laissez faire attitudes in Middle Ages and Renaissance meant little done to improve PH. (Except great plague 1665, banned gatherings and cleaned streets)
- second half of 19th cent better: more active role: PH acts
- great stink

KEY INDIVIDUALS
- John snow, cholera, tap 1854
- seebohm rowntree and Charles booth
- rowntree: York 35% living in poverty, awful living conditions
- booth same but in London
- always dependant on gov action though

WAR
- without WW1 and WW2 got not carried out PH improvements as quickly, e.g. Fit for heroes and NHS 1946