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Flashcards in 1d Question Answers Deck (3):

What would you say if the 1d question was about disease and infection improving over time?

- throughout prehistory, Egypt, Greece and Middle Ages, beliefs of God causing diseases acted to hinder knowledge about treatments

- Hippocrates, long lasting impact, but not effective treatment
- Pasteur, germ theory, major improvements about knowledge of DI, enabled more effective treatments e.g. Magic bullet and penicillin
- should be noted, pasteurs GT not poss without science and tech developments, namely microscope by J Lister

- gave Jenner £30,000 to improve work on small pox vaccine and made compulsory in 1852
- funded mass production of penicillin however may not have without war, may have had less need for it

- some development of treatments dependant on chance e.g. Pasteur chicken cholera vaccine and Flemings penicillin discovery.


What would you do if the 1d question was about surgery and anatomy improving due to different factors over time?

- X-rays developed before WW1, so could find shrapnel
- blood transfusions effectively used during WW1, further developed after WW2, stored longer and donated
- Marie curie developed radiation therapy, chance discovery after working closely with X-rays

- 65 million deaths WW2, advances needed
- surgeons operated and practiced more during war, so war always led to surgical and anatomical knowledge improvements due to mass of casualties

- funded rontgens development of X-rays and mass production of them


What do you say if the 1d question is about public health improving due to different factors over time?

- significant since Romans
- aqueducts, sewers, baths, toilets etc
- bc wanted fit and healthy army
- but may not have if wasn't war between Romans and barbarians, bc wouldn't have had need for such fit and healthy army
- laissez faire attitudes in Middle Ages and Renaissance meant little done to improve PH. (Except great plague 1665, banned gatherings and cleaned streets)
- second half of 19th cent better: more active role: PH acts
- great stink

- John snow, cholera, tap 1854
- seebohm rowntree and Charles booth
- rowntree: York 35% living in poverty, awful living conditions
- booth same but in London
- always dependant on gov action though

- without WW1 and WW2 got not carried out PH improvements as quickly, e.g. Fit for heroes and NHS 1946