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Flashcards in 1st 2nd Semester Test Deck (81):
1

What era does the gilded age represent?

1870s - 1890s

2

How many people left rural America for the cities during the gilded age?

7 million

3

What were the main two entrance points for the immigrants?

Ellis and Angel islands

4

What is the desire for politics that favor native born Americans?

Nativism

5

What were the desirable races?

British German and Scandinavian

6

What were the undesirable races?

Slav Latin and Asiatic races

7

What act said that no more Chinese could enter into America?

Chinese exclusion act

8

What was the social campaign to assimilate new immigrants into American culture?

Americanization movement

9

Who wrote the book Hull House in 1889?

Jane Addams

10

What were signs of urbanization?

Poverty, mass transit – trolleys, tenements – shack apartments, crime and disaster

11

What group put forth the desirable and undesirable races?

Immigration restriction league

12

What president came up with the square deal?

Theodore Roosevelt

13

What is it when all companies raise their prices in secret with each other?

Trust

14

What party did Theodore Roosevelt come up with?

Bull-Moose party

15

What made company officials involved in a trust can be prosecuted and explicitly legalizes unions and strikes?

Clayton antitrust act

16

What was the time period of the progressive era?

1900 - 1920

17

What was the 16th amendment?

Federal income tax

18

What was the 17th amendment?

Direct election of Senators

19

What was the 18th amendment?

Prohibition of manufacture sale or transport of intoxicating liquors

20

What was the 19th amendment?

Women's suffrage

21

Who came up with the 10% plan for the South's reconstruction?

Abraham Lincoln

22

What at the South under marshall law except for Tennessee?

Reconstruction act of 1867

23

What made up the compromise of 1877?

Hayes will become president 1. removal of remaining federal troops 2. federally funded railroad network in the south 3. Democrats to Hayes cabinet

24

What was the meeting point between savagery and civilization, a place of rapid and effective Americanization?

Frontier

25

Who was Abraham Lincoln successor?

Andrew Johnson

26

Which state was this man involved with politics?

Tennessee

27

He was the only senator to do what?

Stay in the union

28

What was the period during which the United States began to rebuild after the Civil War and started to readmit the Confederate states?

Reconstruction

29

What was another name for Lincolns proclamation of amnesty and reconstruction?

Ten percent plan

30

Who were the radical Republicans led by?

Charles Sumner and Thaddeus Stevens

31

Where is Charles Sumner from?

Massachusetts

32

Where is Thaddeus Stevens from?

Pennsylvania

33

What propose that Congress should be responsible for the reconstruction instead of the president?

Wade - Davis bill

34

What did Lincoln use to kill the Wade - Davis Bill?

Pocket veto

35

Which amendment abolished slavery?

13th Amendment

36

Was Johnson in favor of letting former slaves gain the right to vote?

No

37

Who led the radical Republican legislators?

Thaddeus Stevens

38

What assisted former slaves and poor whites in the South by distributing clothing and food?

Freedmen's bureau

39

Johnson shocked everyone when he vetoed both the Freedmen's Bureau act and the civil rights act

Yes

40

What were discriminatory laws that severely restricted African-American lives?

Black codes

41

Who has the sole power to impeach federal officials?

The House of Representatives

42

What act stated that the president cannot remove cabinet members?

Tenure of office act and would have to get consent of the Senate

43

What Gov. from New York ran against Ulysses S. Grant for the presidency?

Seymour

44

What's states that no one could be kept from voting because of race, color, or previous condition of servitude

15th Amendment

45

Who was the 15th amendment an important victory for?

Radicals

46

Who gave the federal government more power to punish those who try to prevent African-Americans from exercising their rights?

Enforcement act of 1870

47

Where was Andrew Carnegie born?

Scotland

48

What business was Andrew Carnegie's?

Steel

49

What is a process in which you buy out your suppliers?

Vertical integration

50

What is it called when companies producing similar products merge?

Horizontal integration

51

What was the name of Charles Darwin's book?

On the origin of species

52

What is complete control over industries production of wages and prices?

Monopoly

53

Late 19th century social philosophers offered a different explanation for Carnegie success

Social Darwinism

54

Who established the standard oil Company?

Rockefeller

55

What are people who run separate companies as one large corporation?

A group of trustees

56

What made it illegal to form a trust that interfered with free trade between states or with other countries?

Sherman antitrust act

57

Who formed the national labor union?

Sylvis

58

Who was president of the American Federation of labor?

Gompers

59

Which union used strikes as a major tactic?

American Federation of labor

60

Who attempted to form the American Railway Union?

Debs

61

What is an economic and political system based on government control of business and property and equal distribution of wealth?

Socialism

62

Who headed the industrial workers of the world?

Big Bill Haywood

63

What was the nickname for the industrial workers of the world?

Wobblies

64

What protested police brutality?

The Haymarket affair

65

What did employees have to sign swearing that they would not join a union?

Yellow-dog contracts

66

Who wrote the late 18th century novel the Gilded Age?

Mark Twain

67

What was an organized group that control the activities of a political party in the city?

Political machine

68

Who was the boss in New York?

Roscoe Conkling

69

Who was the Democratic city boss in Kansas City?

Pendergast

70

What was the illegal use of political influence for personal gain?

Graft

71

Who was head of Tammany Hall New York City's powerful democratic political machine?

William Tweed

72

What was William Tweed also known as?

Boss Tweed

73

Who was a political cartoonist that helped arouse public outrage against Tammany Hall's graft?

Thomas Nast

74

What is the giving of government jobs to people who let help the candidate get elected?

Patronage

75

What was the patronage policy known as and Andrew Jackson's administration?

The spoils system

76

What was jobs in government administration known as?

Civil service

77

What president tried to reform civil service?

Rutherford B. Hayes

78

What president seceded Rutherford B. Hayes?

James Garfield

79

What made appointments to federal jobs do a merit system based on candidates performance on it examination?

Pendleton civil service act

80

What president tried to lower tariff rates?

Grover Cleveland

81

Whose campaign was financed by large contributions from companies that wanted tariffs even higher than they were?

Benjamin Harrison