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Flashcards in Ch. 25.1 Deck (22):
0

What is the name of the section?

Mobilizing for defense

1

Who like most Americans began to mobilize for war and looked over all over his army base for a tape recorder?

Charles Swanson

2

How many people volunteered for military service?

5 million

3

The what expanded the draft and eventually provided another 10 million soldiers to meet me Armed Forces needs?

Selective service system

4

How long did volunteers and draftees spend in basic training?

8 weeks

5

Who is the Army Chief of Staff Gen. who formed the woman's group?

George Marshall

6

What was the name of the woman's group that the Army Chief of Staff Gen. formed?

Woman's Auxiliary Army Corps (WAAC)

7

When did the US Army drop the auxiliary status and granted the WAC's full US Army benefits?

July 1943

8

How many Mexican-Americans joined the Armed Forces?

300,000

9

Mexican-Americans made up how much of Los Angeles's population and they suffered how many of the cities wartime casualties?

Tenth
A fifth

10

How many African-Americans served in the military?

1 million

11

How many Native Americans enlisted in the armed services including how many women?

25,000
800 women

12

By the end of 1942 what industrialist had built seven massive new shipyards that turned out liberty ships tankers troop transports and baby aircraft carriers at an astonishing break?

Henry J. Kaiser

13

By 1944 despite the draft nearly how many workers were laboring in war industries? How many times as much as in 1941? How many of these workers were women?

18 million
Three times as many
6 million

14

Who was the nation's most respected African-American labor leader?

A. Philip Randolph

15

What did the most respected African American labor leader found?

The Brotherhood of Sleeping Car Porters

16

Roseville created the what to bring scientists into the war effort?

Office of Scientific Research and Development (OSRD)

17

What became the codename for research work that extended across the country for the atomic bomb?

Manhattan Project

18

What fought inflation by freezing prices on most goods?

Office of Price Administration (OPA)

19

Inflation remained below what?
About what of World War I?

Below 30%
About half that of World War I

20

What assumed responsibility of deciding which companies would convert from peace time to wartime production and allocate raw materials to key industries?

War Production Board (WPB)

21

The Office of Price Administration set up a system for establishing fixed allotments of goods deemed essential for the military. What was this called?

Rationing