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Flashcards in Second Reconstruction Grammer Deck (25):
0

What was the 1896 Supreme Court decision that upheld the South Jim Crow (segregation) laws, stating that the maintenance of separate but equal facilities was constitutional?

Plessy vs. Ferguson

1

Nature of racial segregation in the South

De jure

2

Nature of segregation in the North

De facto

3

Banned segregation in war industries

FDR

4

Banned segregation in armed services

Truman

5

Protect a citizens basic freedoms against government power

Civil liberties

6

Uphold a citizens right to equal treatment under the law

Civil rights

7

What was the first integrated war (no segregation)

Korean War

8

Government as potential enemy

Civil liberties

9

Government as an allie

Civil rights

10

In what case did the Supreme Court's decision overturn the Plessy vs. Ferguson separate but equal clause?

Brown versus the Board of Education of Topeka

11

Who was a black civil rights lawyer that led the case against segregation of public schools?

Thurgood Marshall

12

In 1955 who initiated the Montgomery bus boycott?

Rosa Parks

13

In 1957 the what integrated Little Rock Central High School?

Little Rock 9

14

Who was the governor of Arkansas 1957?

Orville Faubus

15

What would be the three means by which African Americans would seek to dismantle de jure segregation?

Protests, sit-ins, and boycotts

16

In the aftermath of JFK's assassination who was able to push important civil right's legislation through Congress?

Lyndon B Johnson

17

What outlawed discrimination in employment as well as hotels restaurants and other public places?

The civil rights act of 1964

18

What authorized federal government to oversee elections to protect all citizens right to vote?

Voting rights act of 1965

19

What outlawed discrimination in the housing?

The civil rights act of 1968

20

Who was the Baptist minister and civil rights leader dedicated to bringing about the end of segregation and discrimination through nonviolent protest and civil disobedience. Assassinated in 1968.

Martin Luther King Jr.

21

Who was a civil rights leader and spokesman for the Nation of Islam (Black Muslims) assassinated in 1965?

Malcolm X

22

What are attempts to address the effects of past discrimination? In what years?

Affirmative action
1970's

23

What was federally mandated and began to be used to integrate schools?

Bussing

24

In 1978 the Supreme Court ruled race-based quotas unconstitutional and the case of whom?

Regents of the University of California vs. Bakke