Flashcards in Second Reconstruction Grammer Deck (25):
What was the 1896 Supreme Court decision that upheld the South Jim Crow (segregation) laws, stating that the maintenance of separate but equal facilities was constitutional?
Plessy vs. Ferguson
Nature of racial segregation in the South
Nature of segregation in the North
Banned segregation in war industries
Banned segregation in armed services
Protect a citizens basic freedoms against government power
Uphold a citizens right to equal treatment under the law
What was the first integrated war (no segregation)
Government as potential enemy
Government as an allie
In what case did the Supreme Court's decision overturn the Plessy vs. Ferguson separate but equal clause?
Brown versus the Board of Education of Topeka
Who was a black civil rights lawyer that led the case against segregation of public schools?
In 1955 who initiated the Montgomery bus boycott?
In 1957 the what integrated Little Rock Central High School?
Little Rock 9
Who was the governor of Arkansas 1957?
What would be the three means by which African Americans would seek to dismantle de jure segregation?
Protests, sit-ins, and boycotts
In the aftermath of JFK's assassination who was able to push important civil right's legislation through Congress?
Lyndon B Johnson
What outlawed discrimination in employment as well as hotels restaurants and other public places?
The civil rights act of 1964
What authorized federal government to oversee elections to protect all citizens right to vote?
Voting rights act of 1965
What outlawed discrimination in the housing?
The civil rights act of 1968
Who was the Baptist minister and civil rights leader dedicated to bringing about the end of segregation and discrimination through nonviolent protest and civil disobedience. Assassinated in 1968.
Martin Luther King Jr.
Who was a civil rights leader and spokesman for the Nation of Islam (Black Muslims) assassinated in 1965?
What are attempts to address the effects of past discrimination? In what years?
What was federally mandated and began to be used to integrate schools?