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Flashcards in 1st aid Deck (13)
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1

What does primary survey consist off

Any obvious life threatening conditions
AIRWAY- resp rate, rythem, audible noises, effort of inspiration, free from obstruction
BREATHING-
CIRCULATION- Heart rate, pulse quality, CRT, mucous membrane color, Pulse quality, deficit,
Neurological Assessment

2

Signs of respiratory distress

Cyanotic
Open mouth breathing
Abducted elbows
Extended neck
Paradoxical abdo movement
Dilated pupils
Anxious facial expressions

3

What to look for during the neurological assessment

Gait
Mentation- alert, abtunded, stuporous, coma
Pupil size, reactivity, symmetry
Absence or presence of palpebral symmetry
Facial symmetry
Nystagmus
Gag reflex
Anal tone

4

Definition of Paresis

Weakness

5

Definition of Plegia

Paralysis

6

Definition of Quadriplegia

Paralysis of all 4 limbs

7

Paraplegia

Paralysis of 2 limbs

8

Hemiplegia

Paralysis of 1 side of the body

9

Hypermetria

Exaggerated limb movement

10

Action of Primary survey

Start CPR if no pulse/ heart beat or breathing
Administer 02 if dysponeic or in shock
IV fluids
Pain relief

11

Second survey consists of:

Work up from nose to tail

12

CPR action:

Ideally 100 - 120 compressions per minute
Singular person 30 compressions too 2 breaths
IPPV 10 breaths per minute / 1 every 6 seconds

13

Capnograph

Ideal C02 reading is 15mmHg