2. Ankle Anatomy Flashcards Preview

Physical Assessment > 2. Ankle Anatomy > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2. Ankle Anatomy Deck (24):
1

Lateral ankle ligaments

May be injured with excessive inversion; Ant/Post Tibfib; Ant/Post TaloFib; Calcaneofib

2

Medial ankle ligaments

May be injured with excessive eversion; Deltoid ligaments

3

Peroneal Tendons

Inversion and eversion injuries possible; Peroneal longus - inserts at great toe; Peroneal brevis - inserts at base of 5th MT

4

Medial ankle muscles/tendons

Posterior tibialis; Flexor digitorum

5

Anterior ankle muscles/tendons

Anterior tibialis; Extensor digitorum; Extensor hallucis

6

Anterior tibialis

Inserts into 1st cunieform & 1st MT

7

Achille's Tendon

Insertion of Gastronemius & Soleus

8

Ankle bursa

Retrocalcaneal; Retro-Achille's; Subcalcaneal

9

Plantar Fascia

Band of fascia from calcaneus to heads of MT; inelastic; tight with high arch

10

Gastrocnemius

Plantar flexion with knee extended; Origin at femur; Insertion at Achille's tendon

11

Soleus

Plantar flexion with knee flexed; Origin at tibia; Insertion at Achille's tendon

12

Posterior Tibialis Tendon

Assists with plantarflexion; cannot be directly palpated; Located medial, posterior ankle; Inversion

13

Dorsiflexor muscles

Anterior tibialis; Extensor digitorum; Extensor hallucis

14

Plantarflexion muscles

Gastrocnemius; Soleus; Posterior tibialis

15

Inversion muscles

Anterior tibialis; Posterior tibialis

16

Eversion muscles

Peroneals

17

Great toe flexion

Flexor Hallucis

18

Great toe extension

Extensor Hallucis

19

Toe flexion

Flexor digitorum

20

Toe extension

Extensor digitorum

21

Blood supply of posterior ankle

Posterior tibial a. & Peroneal a

22

Blood supply of anterior ankle

Anterior tibial a.; Perforating branch of fibular/peroneal a.; Lat & Med malleolar aa.

23

Blood supply of dorsum of foot

Dorsal a. of foot; tarsal aa.; arcuate a.

24

Tarsal Tunnel

Located posterior to medial malleolus; includes posterior tibial nerve