2. Basic organic chemisrty Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2. Basic organic chemisrty Deck (11):
1

Empirical formula?

the ratio of the atoms

2

Molecular formula?

exact number of each atom present

3

Structural formula?

Written as a chain eg CH3CH2CH3

4

Display formula?

the bonds and shape is shown

5

skeletal formula?

zigzags each line is a covelant bond

6

Prefixes 1-10?

Meth-
Eth-
Pro-
But-
Pent-
Hex-
Hept-
Oct-
Non-
Dec-

7

Alkene general formula

CnH2n

8

Alkane Generakl formula

CnH2n+2

9

CycloAlkane general formula

CnH2n

10

suffixes
Alkane ,Alkene (double bond) , Alcohol, Aldehyde, Ketone, Carbocylic acid

-ane
-ene
-ol
-al
-one
-oic acid

11

Halogenoalkane prefixes

Fluro-
Chloro-
Brome-
Iodo-