Flashcards in 2. Organic definitions Deck (35):
The part of the organic molecule responsible for the chemical reactions.
a series of organic compounds with the same functional group , each with an extra CH2
Molecule with just H and C
The longest continuous chain of carbon atoms is the parent chain.
hydrocarbon with only single bonds
hydro carbon with at least 1 double bond
hydrocarbon thats in a ring structure
a straight chain hydrocarbon
molecules with the same molecular formula but a different structural arrangement of atoms
The process in which unsaturated alkene monomers add on to a growing polymer chain one at a time to form a very long saturated molecular chain.
A reaction in which a reactant is added to an unsaturated molecule to make a saturated molecule
= mr of desired/ total mr of all products x 100
A special type of E/Z isomerism in which there is a non hydrogen group and hydrogen on each C of the C=C double bond. cis has the H atoms on the same size (Z)
a type of Stereoisomerism in which different groups attached to each carbon of a C=C double bond mar be arranged in space because of the restricted rotation,
Accepts a pair of e- to form a covelant bond
A small molecule that can combine to form a polymer
a substance that is broken down naturally in the environment by living organisms
actual amount of product/theoretical amount x 100
The reactive part of the double bond, formed from laterally overlapped p-orbitals
The unreactive part of the double bond
A long molecule chain built up of monomers
Stereoisomers are isomeric molecules that have the same molecular formula and sequence of bonded atoms (constitution), but that differ only in the three-dimensional orientations of their atoms in space.
A nucleophile is a chemical species that donates an electron pair to an electrophile to form a chemical bond
a radical is an atom, molecule, or ion that has unpaired valence electrons.
A reaction in which an atom or group of atoms is replaced with a different atom/group of atoms
The breaking of a covalent bond with one of the bonded electrons going to each atom, forming two radicals
The breaking of a covalent bond with both of the bonded e- going to one atom forming a cation and an anion
OH group bonded to a C which is bonded to 1 other alkyl group
OH group bonded to a C which is bonded to 2 other alkyl group
OH group bonded to a C which is bonded to 3 other alkyl group
The ease at which a liquid turns into a gas . Volatility increases as bp decreases
The removal of a molecule from a saturated molecule to make an unsaturated molecule.
The continuous boiling and condensing of a reaction mixture to ensure the reaction takes place with out losing anything.
loss of H or addition of O