2. Congressional Reconstruction Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2. Congressional Reconstruction Deck (24):
1

key terms
ratify

officially approve

2

key term
Black Codes

southern sates laws control freed slaves

3

more radical changes than during any other period before the

1960s

4

who was president after Lincoln

Johnson

5

what did Johnson aim for

quick return to normality
once the Southerners has sworn an oath of loyalty to the union they could elect each state assemblies which would ratify the 13th amendment
(johnsons concern was union not rights of AA)

6

Johnson sympathetic president = states had confidence to pass

highly discriminatory black codes

7

what did Black codes do

1. restricted right of AA to compete with white people for work
2. gave stats right to punish vagrants and unemployed former slaves
3. allowed those who attacked AA to go unpunished with state officials participating in attacks

8

key term
radical republicans

active opponents of slavery
saw southern slave owners as evil exploiters and wanted radical changes to help freed slaves
influential but had limited support in North as a whole

9

key term
freedmen's Bureau

set up by congress 1865 to care for former slaves
provided food, shelter, hospitals, education
set up 2 universities
but its 900 agents were subject to intimidation and violence by white hostile southeners

10

who were radical republicans led by

Representative Thaddeus Stevens
Senator Charles Sumner = persuasive advocates for change

11

radical republicans were helped by congresss to establish a federal institution

freedmen's bureaue
in 1865

12

after 1877 southern states were allowed to

deprive AA if their rights

13

measures passed during reconstruction
Civil Rights Act
when?
what?

1866
equality under the law

14

measures passed during reconstruction
First Reconstruction Act
when?
what?

1867
11 confederate states divided into 5 military districts
new state constitutions
made by elected delegates who were chosen by all male citizens

15

measures passed during reconstruction
14th amendment
when?
what?

1868
equality under law

16

measures passed during reconstruction
15th amendment
when?
what?

1870
no person should be denied vote on account of race

17

measures passed during reconstruction
first enforcement act
when?
what?

1870
banned discrimination based on race colour or previous condition of servitude

18

measures passed during reconstruction
second enforcement act
when?
what?

1871
overturned state laws which prevented AA voting provided federal supervision at elections

19

measures passed during reconstruction
third enforcement act
when?
what?

1872
(also known as KKK Act)
made it a federal offence for 2 or more persons to conspire to deprive citizens of their right to equal protection of laws

20

measures passed during reconstruction
Civil Rights Act (2nd one)
when?
what?

1875
outlawed segregation

21

congressional measured opposed by president led to

president johnson being impeached (tried by Congress)

22

who was johnsons succesor

Ulysses Grant

23

what led to remarkable changes of 1868-75

unity between president grant and congress
grant worked more closely with congress and used federal troops to support legislation

24

e.g. of brutal opposition

1866
Memphis - race riots 46 AA killed
New Orleans - 35 killed