7. the SC as a promoter of Civil Rights Flashcards Preview

history AA 2 the role of US gov in the development of civil rights > 7. the SC as a promoter of Civil Rights > Flashcards

Flashcards in 7. the SC as a promoter of Civil Rights Deck (10):
1

key term
part primary voting

voting for presidential candidates by registered members of political parties (before actual presidential election)

2

key figure
Thurgood Marshall

an AA lawyer
from 1934 worked for NAACP
appointe an appeal judge in 1961
solicitor general in 1965
became a SC justice in 1976

3

Smith v. Allwright
when? what?

1944
unconstitutional for AA to be exluded from party primar voting

4

Brown v. Topeka Board of Education
when? what? who took it to supreme court?

1954
segregation illegal
NAACP lawyer Thurgood Marshall

5

Brown v. Topeka Board of Education
provoked

violence/protest in south
required use of federal armed forced to enforce

6

Boynton v. Virginia
when?
what?

1960
confirmed segregation of transport was unconstitutional -> freedom rides

7

Alexander v. Holmes County
when? what?

1969
insisted on more rapid desegregation of schools

8

Swann v Charlotte Mecklenburg Board of Education
when
what

1971
approved plans for forced desegregation by busing children from white suburbs into inner city areas with more black children

9

key term
bussing

policy of ensuring children wer in mixed race schools to help socially disadvantaged AA
unpopular among whites = disturbances in Kentucky 1975-76

10

high points of courts importance?

1896 legal backing to segregation
1956 legal backing to integration