2015 Competition Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2015 Competition Deck (65):

Two Types of Bones

Pneumatic and Medulary


What Acute Infectious Disease occurs most often in adult pheasants during the fall



Spelling words from the competition -

Albumen, Toulouse, Chalaza (singular), Plural form - Chalazae, Campylobacter


When do ducks molt



Split Wing

One in which there is a gap between primaries and secondary feathers. This is a result of a permanent absence of the feather. A disqualification.



Cut the first joint of the wing so they cannot fly


Slipped Wing

Applies to defects in manner of folding of primary feathers and carriage of the primary section of wing. Individual Feathers may over-lap in reverse order.


Reasons for storing eggs in an egg carton

Odors from being absorbing into the eggs, Control the loss of Moisture on the eggs, Keeps carbon dioxide in the egg



A stiff horny projection from the rear inner side of the shanks, prominent in male fowl


Which bird in the Continental Class has five toes?

Houdans and Faverolles


Which Continental breed lays tinted eggs?



What is the Amnion?

A transparent sac with colorless fluid that serves as a protective cushion during embryonic development


What are the two sets of embryonic blood vessels?

Vitelline and Allantoic


What does the Allantoic vessel do?

The Allantoic vessel concerned with respiration and carrying waste product from embryo to the allantois


What does the Vitelline blood vessel do?

The Vitelline blood vessels are concerned with carrying the yolk materials to the growing embryo.


What is the Allantois and what does it do?

• It’s an embryonic respiratory organ that receives the excretions of the embryonic kidneys and absorbs the albumen and calcium from the shell for the structural needs of the embryo


What is the Interior Egg Quality of the B Class?

Air Cell Depth: > 3/16”; Egg White: clear, weak and watery; Yolk: clearly outlined and visible; Blood/Meat Spots: no more than 1/8” diameter


What is the Interior Egg Quality of the AA Class?

Air Cell Depth:


What is the Interior Egg Quality of the A Class?

The Air Cell Depth is 3/16 or less; Egg White is clear and reasonably firm; Yolk is outline fairly well defined; No Blood or meat spots


Carcass Grades – A Quality

1 Disjointed bone; No Broken Bones; Only missing parts is the wing tip and/or tail removed at the base; Exposed flesh is ¾ of inch


Carcass Grades – B Quality

2 Disjointed bone and No Broken Bones; 1 Disjointed Bone and 1 non-protruding bone; Only missing parts is the wing to the second joint, back area not wider than base of tale not wider than the base of their tail and extending half way base of tail to hip joint; Exposed 1/3 inch of flesh


Carcass Grades – C Quality

No Limit on Disjointed bone or Broken Bones; Both Wings can be missing parts and back area not wider than base of tale extending to the area of the hip joint; No limit on Exposed flesh


Chicken Poultry Diseases – What is Bursal Disease

A virus that causes ruffle feathers, diarrhea, trembling, prostration, the disease can live for months away from poultry


Chicken Poultry Diseases – What is Duck enteritis?

A virus that causes diarrhea and death and can live for days away from poultry


Chicken Poultry Diseases – What is Avian Influenza?

A Virus that causes coughing, sneezing, and rales, lacrimation can live for 4 weeks away from poultry


Chicken Poultry Respiratory Diseases – What is Laryngotracheitis

A virus that causes gasping and coughing (Cough can be Bloody), sitting hunched on the floor, making a cawing sound, nasal discharge, swollen head and wattles, drop in egg production and; death the disease can live for 4 days away from poultry


Chicken Poultry Diseases – What is Mareks

A virus that causes paralysis. This disease can live for weeks away from poultry


Chicken Poultry Diseases – What is Coccidiosis?

It is a protozoa, causes diarrhea and death, the disease can live for months away from poultry


Chicken Poultry Respiratory Diseases – What is Fowl Cholera?

This is a bacteria that causes discoloration and swelling of comb and face. This bacteria can live for week away from poultry.


Chicken Poultry Diseases – What is Salmonella?

This a bacteria that causes diarrhea, this bacteria can live for weeks away for poultry.


Chicken Poultry Diseases – What is Avian TB?

This is a bacteria that causes weight loss and death and the bacteria can live for years away from poultry.


Chicken Poultry Respiratory Diseases – What is Infectious Coryza?

A bacteria causing swollen eyes and cold symptoms. It can live for days without poultry


Chicken Poultry Respiratory Diseases – What is Mycoplasma?

This is a Mycoplasma that causes chronic respiratory problems, This can live for days away from poultry.


Chicken Poultry Respiratory Diseases – Infectious Bronchitis

Rapid spread, gasping, wet eyes, coughing, swollen sinuses, drop in egg production, misshapen eggs, rough or soft shells, watery egg whites, and death


Chicken Poultry Respiratory Diseases – Newcastle

Rapid spread, gasping, rattling, loss of appetite, coughing, huddling, paralysis of the legs, stargazing, walk backwards, drop in egg production, soft or misshapen eggs, and death.


Chicken Poultry Respiratory Diseases – Fowl Pox

Skin has yellow or white scabs on the comb or face or wattles, cankers on the membrane in the mouth, throat, or windpipe; difficulty breathing and nasal or eye discharge;


Chicken Poultry External Parasites – 4 types of mites

Red Mite, Northern Fowl Mite, Feather Mite, Scaley leg Mite


3 Types Poultry External Parasites

Chiggers, Lice, Mites


Poultry Internal Parasites

Large Roundworm (Intestine), Capillary worm (crop and upper intestine), Cecal Worm in the Ceca, Tapeworm (Intestine), Gapeworm (Trachea)


Which Poultry Internal Parasites cause Death?

Large Roundworm and Capillary Worm


Gamebirds Parasitic Disease – What is Coccidiosis

Protozoan Disease occur in all game birds, Symptoms of weakness, ruffled feathers, and unthriftiness, droppings may be bloody, birds are listless and not eating or drinking


Gamebirds Parasitic Disease – What is Blackhead

Protozoan disease of Pheasants, chukars, and grouse; Spreads by direct contact with contaminated feces or indirectly through egg of the cecal worm. Symptoms appear droopy, stop feeding, and have a yellowish-brown stool that is watery and foamy.


Gamebirds Parasitic Disease – What is Worms

What spreads the disease – Earthworms, slugs, snails, beetles, and other insects; best protection agains worms is avoid wet spots around waterers and feeders and provide well-drained, sloping pens.


Gamebirds Acute Infectious Disease – What is Erysipelas

This is a bacteria disease that occurs in the fall for adult pheasants; symptoms are weakness, listlessness, loss of appetite, and sometimes a yellowish or greenish diarrhea and death.


Gamebirds Acute Infectious Disease – What is Fowl Cholera

Strikes during laying season or late in winter; symptom is death; can be introduced to your flock by wild birds, rodents and other animals


Gamebirds Viral Disease – What is Newcastle

Transmitted via fecal contamination, eggs, and offal of infected birds; Symptoms are coughing and hoarseness followed by leg and wing paralysis, tremors, and twisting of the neck


Gamebirds Viral Disease – What is Marble Spleen Disease

Found in Pheasants and will end in death; Symptom are severe edema (fluid tissue), enlarged grayish-tan mottled spleens, and inflammation of the lungs


Gamebirds Viral Disease – What is Quail Bronchitis

Severe Respiratory disease of the young quail; symptoms is wheezing, coughing, and sneezing, and death


Gamebirds Viral Disease – What is Fowl Pox

Symptoms is lesions (sores) on the skin and mucous membranes of the mouth and upper respiratory tract


Waterfowl Parasites Disease are rare among Duck and Geese what are the preventive methods that work with Waterfowl?

Raise waterfowl on well-drained soil, keep bedding and laying areas clean, keep feed dry, discourage any contact between your birds and wild waterfowl.


What are the Signs of the disease for Waterfowl?

Weak and listless movement, loss of appetite, inactivity, ruffled feathers, and sudden mortality


Pigeon Parasites are

Canker (trichomoniasis); Mites (Black or Northern Fowl Mite); Pigeon Lice; Colds; Pigeon Pox


Pigeon Disease Canker – Trichomoniasis

Transmitted to the young squabs by the parents; symptoms are yellowish white pustule or crust in the throat of the your bird, closing off of the windpipe,


Pigeon Disease Colds–

Symptoms are watery eyes, puffiness around the eyes and with or without a raspy rattling sound


Pigeon Disease – Pigeon Pox

Symptom – hard, crusty light-colored sores that appear around the mouth or eyes and can sometimes obstruct their vision


3 things making egg inedible?

Green/rotten eggs, blood spots


When do Emu reach their sexual maturity?

2 to 3 years


Which Geese are in the Heavy Class

Toulouse, Embden, African


Which Geese are in the Medium Class

Sebastopol, Pilgrim, American Buff, Saddleback Pomeranian


Which Geese are in the Light Class

Chinese, Tufted Roman, Canada, Egyptian


What breed did Australorp come from?

Australian Black Orpington


What are the other Standard Breed Classes?

Games, Modern Games, Orientals, Miscellaneous, Naked Necks, Araucanas


What are the two breeds of the Game Class?

Old English and Modern Games


What are the 3 breeds of the Oriental Class

Sumatras, Malays, Cubalayas, Phoenix, Yokohamas, Aseels, Shamos


What are 2 Breeds from the Miscellaneous class of the Other Standard Breed Class?

Sultans, Naked Necks, Arucanas, Ameraucans