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Flashcards in American Standard Definitions Deck (49):
1

Axial feather

The short feather growing between the primaries and secondaries of the wing

2

Back

The top section of the body from the base of the neck to the base of the tail, including the cape and saddle

3

Bantam

A diminutive fowl, they are approximately 1/4-1/5 the original breeds size, mostly used for ornamental purposes

4

Barring

Alternate two colors on the feather

5

Bay

A light golden brown, also used to designate and intermingling of red and yellow in the iris by surface capillaries in some varieties of fowl

6

Beak

The horny formation projecting from the front of the head of the chicken and turkey consisting of an upper and lower mandible which form the forward mouth parts

7

Beard

A cluster of feathers pendent from the upper throat of some fowl

8

Birds

colloquial term, frequently used in referring to any breed of poultry

9

Blade

The lower on serrated part of a single Comb the portion to rear of the last point of the male single comb is often referred to as the blade

10

Blue

A term loosely used in referring to the general slaty color of some varieties of Poultry

11

Bluish-slate

A term used to describe the bluish gray grown color of the plumage of so called blue varieties of poultry

12

Body

The body contains the head, neck, wings, tail, thighs, shanks and toes

13

Booted

Fowls that are feather on Shanks, toes and having vulture hocks are said to be booted

14

Bow-legged

Deformity in which the legs are farther apart at the hocks then at the feet and knee joints a disqualification of perceptible angle is evident at the hock when viewed from the front or back

15

Brassiness

Term descriptive of light yellowish metallic cast commonly found in the plumage of white and partial weight varieties into a lesser degree in several other varieties, particularly in the hackle, wing bow and saddle of the male; serious defect, maybe hereditary or affected by exposure to sun rays and certain items in the diet

16

Breast

The forward portion of the underside of the body of fowls from the juncture of the neck and the body to a point directly between the legs

17

Breed

An established group of individuals possessing similar characteristics, and with mated together produce offspring with those same characteristics. A breed of me include a number of varieties of the same general weight, distinguished by different color plumage, or different types of combs, or combs and color hasn't Dorkings, and in some cases by bearded or non-bearded

18

Bronze

Turkeys: the term is used to describe rich luscious copperish bronze color found in bronze turkeys

19

Buff

A medium shade of orange yellow color with a rich golden cast; not so intense as to show a reddish cast, nor so pale as to appear lemon to light yellow. The term is generally used in referring to the plumage color of all standard "buff" varieties of poultry

20


Anatomy

A domestic fowls structural systems including integumentary, skeletal, muscular, vascular, nervous, respiratory, digestive, reproductive, endocrine

21

Cape

Short Feathers at the juncture of the back and neck underneath the hackle and between the shoulders, shaped like a cape

22

capon

designate a castrated male fowl, you can tell male has undeveloped comb and wattles, long hackle saddle and long tail feathers

23

carriage

posture of a fowl ( also applies various parts of back, wing or tail)

24

caruncles

fleshy protuberances on the naked portions of the head, face, and neck of the turkey

25

cavernous

describes the nostrils that are prominent and deeply hollowed as in the crested breeds

26

chestnut

dark red-brown plumage color, darker than bay

27

close feathered

said of a fowl in which the feathers are held closely to the body

28

cock

a male fowl less than one year old

29

cockerel

male fowl less than one year old

30

comb

fleshy protuberance on top of the head of the fowl - larger in male than females

31

buttercup comb

single blade arising at the juncture of the head and beak rising up and slightly back to the cup shaped crown set squarely on the center of the skull

32

Cushion Comb

a low compact comb relatively samll size - should be quite smooth, possess no depressions or spikes and not extend beyond the mid point of the skull

33

Pea Comb

medium lenth, low comb, the top of which is marked with three low lengthwise ridges, the center one slightly higher than the outer ones,

34

Rose Comb

solid, broad, nearly flat on top, low fleshly comb, terminating in a well developed tapering spike, may turn upward as in hamburgs

35

Silkie

almost round, somewhat lumpy comb, inclined to be greater in width than length, covered with small corrugations on top and crossed with a narrow indentation slightly to front of the middle comb.

36

Single Comb

moderately thin, fleshy formation of smooth soft surface texture, firm attached from the beak along the top of the skull with a strong base, the top portion showing five or six rather deep serrations or distinct points. The comb is always erect and much larger and thicker in male than female. The comb is divided into 3 parts, front or anterior, the middle and extending past the rear midpoint of the skull.

37

Strawberry Comb

a low set compact comb of somewhat egg shape with the larger portion forward and the rear extending no further than the midpoint of the skull.

38

V-Shaped Comb

combed formed of two well defined hornlike sections joined at their base

39

Walnut Comb

solid moderately broad comb resulting from the combination of two dominant alleles for the rose and pea comb, with a surface that shows some furrowing reminiscent of a walnut half.

40

condition

the state of a fowl in regard to health including cleanliness and brightness of plumage, head parts, legs, and feet.

41

Concave sweep

a term applied to the continuouse hollow curve of the back from the shoulders to and part way up the tail. a characteristic of some breeds.

42

coverts

those feathers which cover the base of the primary and secondary wing and main tail feathers.

43

creamy-white

a shade of pale yellowish white color, applied to the color of the plumage of the Pekin Duck; also in some breeds of fowl.

44

creaminess

term descriptive of white feathers in which the shafts and webs are tinged with a light yellow or creamy color, not the same as brassiness.

45

crescent

crescent shaped like a moon in the first or last quarter.

46

crest

an almost globular tuft of feathers on the top of the head of some fowl and waterfowl, as in polish,

47

crop

the enlarged part of the gullet lying at the front of the body at the base of the neck and partially concealed in the cavity located between the halves of the wishbone, it serves as a temporary storage area for ingested food.

48

crow head

a narrow, shallow, head and beak - serious defect

49

cuckoo

a term applied to the coarse and irregular type of barring found in dominiques.