2017 Anatomy - Liver, Gallbladder, Pancreas Flashcards Preview

2017 Semester 1 > 2017 Anatomy - Liver, Gallbladder, Pancreas > Flashcards

Flashcards in 2017 Anatomy - Liver, Gallbladder, Pancreas Deck (18):
1

What are the 6 functions of the liver?

Bile production

Synthesis of plasma proteins

Lipid metabolism

Glucose metabolism

Storage and conversion of vitamins and iron

Dexotification

2

Understand the structure of the liver including:

Hepatic sinusoids

Portal triads

Parenchyma

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3

Which direction is blood flow in the liver?

Which direction is bile flow in the liver?

Blood Flow: Periphery -> Central

Bile Flow: Central -> Periphery

4

What are the 3 components of the portal tirad?

Interlobular branch of portal vein

Interlobular branch of hepatic artery

Interlobular bile duct

5

What are the 2 types of cells in the liver?

Kupffer cell

Ito cell (fat storing cell)

6

What are the vessels which move bile from smallest to largest?

Bile Canaliculus

Bile Ductules (Canals of Hering) - lined w/ low cuboidal ductal cells

Interlobular Bile Ducts - simple cuboidal epithelium 

Common Hepatic Duct

7

What structures make up the "H" on the visceral surface of the liver?

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8

What ar ethe 4 lobes of the liver?

Right lobe

Left lobe

Quadrate lobe - anteior to porta hepatis

Caudate lobe - posterior to porta hepatis

9

What 3 vessels make up the Portal Vein?

Splenic Vein

Superior Mesenteric Vein

Inferior Mesenteric Vein

10

What veins contribute to the splenic vein?

Short Gastric

Left Gastro-omental

Pancratic Veins

Inferior Mesenteric

11

Which veins contribute to the Superior Mesenteric Vein?

Veins from:

Jejunal

Ileal

Ileocolic

Right COlic

Middle Colic

Right Gastro-omental

Anterior/Posterior Inferior Pancreatico-duodenal Veins

12

Which veins are tributaries to the portal vein itself?

Right and Left Gastric Veins

Posterior Superior Pancreatico-duodenal Vein

Cystic Veins

Paraumbilical Veins

13

Which lymph nodes does the liver drain to?

Phrenic Nodes

Heptatic Nodes

14

What are the 3 locations of porto-systemic anastomoses

Esophagus

Rectum

Paraumbilical

 

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15

What 3 structures make up the Cystohepatic Triangle? And what are the contents?

Borders:

Cystic Duct, Common Hepatic Duct, Liver

 

Contents:

Right hepatic artery, cystic artery, maybe aberrant or accessory bile ducts

 

16

What are the 4 parts of the pancreas and vascular supply?

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17

Understand which parts of the following are at the transpyloric plane:

Spinal cord

Stomach

Duodenum

Pancreas

Circulation

Kidneys

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18