21 Drug/Bug Chart Questions Flashcards Preview

Thera VII > 21 Drug/Bug Chart Questions > Flashcards

Flashcards in 21 Drug/Bug Chart Questions Deck (50):
0

What does PEK stand for?

Proteus mirabilis, E. coli, Klebsiella pneumoniae

2

What does the HN stand for in HNPEK?

Hemophilus, Neisseria

3

What does CAPES stand for?

Citrobacter, Acinetobacter, Providencia, Enterobacter, Serratia

4

What are the Atypicals?

Legionella, Chlamydia, Mycoplasma

5

What does PCN cover?

Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, Enterococci, Neisseria, Mouth anaerobes. Variable: S. aureus (BL), B. fragilis. NO: Staph. epidermidis, CAPES, HPEK, P. aeruginosa

6

What is Amp/Amox very good at covering?

Strep. viridans

7

What does Ampicillin, Amoxicillin cover?

Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, Enterococci, HNPEK, mouth anaerobes. Variable: S. aureus (BL), B. fragilis. NO: Staph. epidermidis, CAPES, Pseud. aeruginosa

8

What does Amp/Sulb (Unasyn), Amox/Clav (Augmentin) cover?

Staph. aureus, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, Enterococci, HNPEK, Mouth anaerobes, B. fragilis. NO: Staph. epidermidis, CAPES, Pseud. aeruginosa

9

What is the DOC for Staph aureus?

Oxacillin

10

What does Oxacillin cover?

Staph. aureus, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans. NO: Enterococci, HNPEK, CAPES, Pseud. aeruginosa, mouth anaerobes, B. fragilis

11

What does Piperacillin/Tazobactam (Zosyn) cover?

Everything but Staph. epidermidis

12

In general, what do the PCN derivatives NOT cover?

Staph. epidermidis, CAPES, Pseud. aeruginosa, Atypicals

13

What is Cefazolin very good at covering?

Staph. aureus

14

What does Cefazolin cover?

Staph. aureus, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, PEK, Mouth anaerobes. NO: Staph. epidermidis, Enterococci, HN, CAPES, Pseud. aeruginosa, B. fragilis

15

What does Cefuroxime cover?

Staph. aureus, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, HNPEK, Mouth anaerobes. NO: Staph. epidermidis, Enterococci, CAPES, Pseud. aeruginosa, B. fragilis

16

What does Cefoxitin cover?

Staph. aureus, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, HNPEK, Mouth anaerobes, B. fragilis. NO: Staph. epidermidis, Enterococci, CAPES, Pseud. aeruginosa,

17

What is Cefotaxime, Ceftriaxone the DOC for?

Strep. pneumoniae

18

What does Cefotaxime, Ceftriaxone cover?

Staph. aureus, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, HNPEK, CAPES, Mouth anaerobes. NO: Staph. epidermidis, Enterococci, Pseud. aeruginosa, B. fragilis

19

What does Ceftazidime, Aztreonam cover?

HNPEK, CAPES, Pseu. aeruginosa. NO: Staph, Strep, Enterococci (Gram (+)'s), Mouth anaerobes, B. fragilis

20

What is Ceftazidime, Aztreonam very good at covering?

Pseud. aeruginosa

21

What is Cefepime the DOC for?

CAPES

22

What is Cefepime very good at covering?

Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans

23

What does Cefepime cover?

Staph. aureus, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, HNPEK, CAPES, Psedu. aeruginosa, Mouth anaerobes. NO: Staph. epidermidis, Enterococci, B. fragilis

24

What are the only CEPHs that cover Pseud. aeruginosa?

Ceftazidime, Aztreonam, Cefepime

25

What does Ceftaroline cover?

Staph. aureus (MRSA), Staph. epidermidis, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, Enterococci (E. faecalis only), HNPEK, Mouth anaerobes. Variable: CAPES. NO: Pseud. aeruginosa, B. fragilis

26

What do NONE of the CEPHs (except 5th gen) cover?

Staph. epidermidis, Enterococci, Atypicals

27

What does Imip/Mero/Doripenem cover?

Everything except: Staph. epidermidis, E. faecium, Atypicals

28

What does Ertapenem cover?

Everything except: Staph. epidermidis, Enterococci, Acinetobacter, Pseud. aeruginosa, Atypcals

29

What does Vancomycin cover?

Gram (+) only: Staph. aureus (MRSA), Staph. epidermidis, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, Enterococci

30

What does Linezolid cover?

Gram (+) only: Staph. aureus (MRSA), Staph. epidermidis, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, Enterococci. Exact same as Vanco

31

What does Synercid cover?

Gram (+) only: Staph. aureus (MRSA), Staph. epidermidis, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, Enterococci (only E. faecium)

32

What does Daptomycin cover?

Gram (+) only: Staph. aureus (MRSA), Staph. epidermidis, Strep. viridans, Enterococci

33

What does Telavancin cover?

Gram (+) only: Staph. aureus (MRSA), Staph. epidermidis, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, Enterococci. Exact same as Vanco and Linezolid

34

What does Ciprofloxacin cover?

Everything except: Mouth anaerobes, B. fragilis. Variable: Staph. aureus, Staph. epidermidis. Enterococci (urine only)

35

What does Levofloxacin cover?

Everything except: B. fragilis. Variable: Staph. aureus, Staph. epidermidis. Enterococci (urine only). Respiratory Strep. pneumoniae

36

What does Moxifloxacin cover?

Everything except: Pseud. aeruginosa. Variable: Staph. aureus, Staph. epidermidis. Enterococci (urine only). Respiratory Strep. pneumoniae

37

Which fluoroquinolone is the only one to cover B. fragilis?

Moxifloxacin

38

Which fluoroquinolone does NOT cover Pseud. aerugonisa?

Moxifloxacin

39

What do fluoroquinolones cover that most other antibiotics do not cover?

Atypicals

40

What does Gentamycin, Tobramycin (Aminoglycosides) cover?

HNPEK, CAPES, Pseud. aeruginosa. Synergy: Staph, Strep, Enterococci

41

What does Clarithromycin, Azithromycin cover?

Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans. HN. Atypical. Variable: Staph. aureus, Staph. epidermidis. NO: Enterococci, PEK, CAPES, Pseud. aeruginosa, Mouth anaerobes, B. fragilis

42

What does Doxycycline cover?

Staph. aureus (MRSA), Staph epidermidis, Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans, Enterococci, Atypical. Variable: HNPEK. NO: CAPES, Pseud. aeruginosa, Mouth anaerobes, B. fragilis

43

What does Tigecycline cover?

Everything (inc. MRSA, Staph. epi, Atypicals) except: Proteus mirabilis, Pseud. aeruginosa

44

What does Clindamycin cover?

Staph. aureus (D-test), Strep. pneumoniae, Strep. viridans. Mouth anaerobes, B. fragilis. Variable: Staph. epidermidis. NO: Enterococci, HNPEK, CAPES, Pseud. aeruginosa

45

What does Metronidazole (Flagyl) cover very well?

B. fragilis

46

What does Metronidazole (Flagyl) cover?

Mouth anaeroabes, B. fragilis

47

What does TMP/SMX (Bactrim) cover?

Staph. aureus (MRSA), Staph. epidermidis, Strep. viridans, HNPEK, CAPES. Variable: Strep. pneumoniae. NO: Enterococci, Pseud. aeruginosa, Mouth anaerobes, B. fragilis

48

What does Nitrofurantoin cover?

Urine: Staph. qureus, Staph. epidermidis, Enterococci, EK. Variable: CAPES

49

What are the only antibiotics that cover Pseud. aeruginosa?

Cipro, Levo, Gent/Tobra, Imip/Mero/Dori, Cefepime, **Ceftazidime, Aztreonam**

50

What are the only antibiotics that cover Atypicals?

Cipro, Levo, Moxi. Clari/Azith, Doxy, Tigecycline