Flashcards in 2.10 Alcohols Deck (13)
What is the functional group of an alcohol?
The hydroxyl functional group (-OH)
What is a primary alcohol?
The carbon attached to the OH group is only bonded to one carbon atom.
What makes an alcohol a tertiary alcohol?
The carbon attached to the OH group is bonded to 3 other carbon atoms.
What is the result for a primary alcohol when added to acidified potassium dichromate
Orange to Green
Which functional group is present when a silver mirror is formed when added to Tollens' reagent?
CHO, as it was an Aldehyde.
What is the general equation for a dehydration (elimination) reaction?
Alcohol -> Alkene + Water
Give the chemical and word equation for the dehydration of Ethanol.
CH3CH2OH -> CH2CH2 + H2O
Ethanol to Ethene and Water
What are the benefits of using Ethanol as a biofuel?
It is from a renewable source if you use fermentation.
It is considered carbon neutral.
Cheap to produce.
What is the formula for an alcohol?
What are the two methods of producing ethanol?
Fermentation of glucose, using yeast.
Hydration of ethene.
What is the displayed formula for the secondary alcohol with only 3 carbons?
CH3 - CH -CH3
How would you get an aldehyde form a primary alcohol?