22.1 Darwinian Revolution Flashcards Preview

BIO153 Midterm 1 UTM with Richter > 22.1 Darwinian Revolution > Flashcards

Flashcards in 22.1 Darwinian Revolution Deck (7)
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1

What was Aristotle known for?

He found that life-forms could be arranged on a ladder, scala naturae.

2

What was Linnaeus known for?

He found that you can classify life’s diversity, developed the two-part, binomial format for naming species.

3

What is Strata?

Over time, new layers of sediment cover older ones and compress them into superimposed layers of rock, called strata.

4

What was Cuvier known for?

He defined catastrophism: the theory that the Earth has been affected in the past by sudden, short-lived, violent events, possibly worldwide in scope (contrast of gradualism).

5

What was Hutton known for?

He said that the Earth's geological features could be explained by gradualism.

6

What was Lyell known for? (Plus what did he say about the Earth's age?)

- He stated that mechanisms change constantly over time (uniformitarianism).

- He also stated that the Earth must be much older than the widely accepted age.

7

What were the 2 things Lamarck known for? (Plus what did he say about why evolution happens?)

- Use and disuse will cause growth and deterioration, respectively, of parts of the body.

- Inheritance of acquired traits
ex. If a parent chopped off their finger, their child would be born missing a finger.

- Evolution happens because organisms have an innate drive to become more complex.