26.6 New Information Continues to Revise our Understanding of the Tree of Life Flashcards Preview

BIO153 Midterm 1 UTM with Richter > 26.6 New Information Continues to Revise our Understanding of the Tree of Life > Flashcards

Flashcards in 26.6 New Information Continues to Revise our Understanding of the Tree of Life Deck (3)
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1

What were the 5 original kingdoms recognized?

Monera (prokaryotes), Protista (mostly unicellular organisms), Plantae, Fungi, and Animalia.

2

What are the three Domains and what do they consist of?

- Domain Bacteria: contains most of the currently known prokaryotes.
- Domain Archaea: consist of a diverse group of prokaryotic organisms that inhibit many environments.
- Domain Eukarya: consists of all organisms that have cells containing true uncles, includes unicellular and multicellular organisms, plants, fungi, and animals.

3

What is horizontal gene transfer?

A process in which genes are transferred form one genome to another through viral infections and fusions of organisms.