26.4 An Organism's Evolutionary History is Documented in it's Genome Flashcards Preview

BIO153 Midterm 1 UTM with Richter > 26.4 An Organism's Evolutionary History is Documented in it's Genome > Flashcards

Flashcards in 26.4 An Organism's Evolutionary History is Documented in it's Genome Deck (2)
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1

What are Orthologous Genes?

Orthologous genes are homologous genes that diverged after a speciation event. The genes generally maintain a similar function to that of the ancestral gene in which they evolved from.

2

What are Paragolous Genes?

Paralogous genes are homologous genes that occur within one species and have diverged after a duplication event. Unlike orthologous genes, a paralogous gene is a new gene that holds a new function.