23 - eye Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 23 - eye Deck (19)
1

Sx of orbital fracture

- infraorbital most common
- subcutaneous crepitus
- loss of sensation under eye
- diplopia on upward gaze

2

3 lacerations that should be referred

1. through tarsal plate
2. lacrima apparatus
3. involving lid margin

3

Tx of cornael abraision

- topical ABx
- nsaid drops
- antipseudomonal if contact wearer
NO anesthetic drops

4

mgmt of hyphema

- eye sheild and refer to optho
- bed at 30 degrees

5

3 clues to less obvious globe rupture

1. flat/shallow anterior chamber
2. uveal prolapse
3. positive seidel test - flouroscine washed away

6

signs of lens dislocation

- decreased vision
- pain
- can be seen

7

Sx of post traumatic glaucoma

- eye pain
- HA
- N/v
- fisxed mid-dilated pupil
- injected cornea
- cloudy cornea

8

Tx of post trauma glaucoma

- topical pilocarpine
- timolol
- IV acetedzolamide

9

Sx of post trauma iritis

- pain
- photophobia - intense
- decreased vision
- small pupil
- cells and flare
-

10

Tx of iritis

- cycloplegic and vasodilator drops
- predforte by optho

11

Sx of retinal detachment

- new floaters and flashes
- curtain falling
- see optho

12

def. retrobulbar hemmorage

compartment syndrmoe of the eye

13

Sx of retrobulbar

- pain
- decreased vision
- proptosis
- reduced eye movement

14

* 5 Tx of AAC glaucoma

1. pilocarpine
2. timolol
3. IV acetazolamide
4. IV mannitol
5. laser iridotomy

15

4 other causes of painful vision loss

1. optic neuritis
2. temp arteritis
3. endopthamitis
4. keratitis

16

Sx of optic neuritits

- female 20-40
- 50% have swollen disc
- high association with MS

17

invest and Tx for temp artersiits

- ESR and CRP
- steroids

18

sx and Tx for endopthalmitis

- pain , photophobe, decreased vision
- IV aBx and optho

19

5 causes of painless vision loss

1. retinal detachment
2. CRA occlusion
3. CRV occ
4. amarosis fugax
5. occipital stroke