2.4 Victims' Rights Act 2002 Flashcards
Section 4 - define immediate family
- Victim’s spouse, civil union partner or de-facto partner
- Victim’s child or step-child
- Victim’s brother or sister (or step siblings)
- Victim’s parent or step parent or grandparent
Who is a victim?
- a person whom an offence is committed by another person and
- a person who suffers physical injury, loss or damage to property through an offence
- a parent or legal guardian of a CYP of the above (unless the parent is the offender)
- a member of the immediate family of a person who has died by way of offence
How should victim’s be treated?
With courtesy and compassion and respect the victim’s dignity and privacy
What is the purpose of a Victim Impact Statement?
- enable the victim to provide information to the court about the effects of the offending
- assist the court in understanding the victim’s view about the offending
- inform the offender about the impact of the offending from the victim’s perspective
How does a Victim Impact Statement assist the sentencing Judge?
Provides the judge with information about the harm and any loss suffered by the victim by means of the offence and
a) assists the courts by providing information
b) information from the victim helps to balance the information contained in the pre-sentence report
c) it provides the victim with input into the administration of justice allowing the court to see things from the victim’s perspective
d) forces the offender to recognize what he or she has done
What can victim impact statements now include?
Photographs and diagrams. They can also now be presented as an electronic recording.
When should a Victim Impact Statement be ready by?
While it is good practice to have it ready for the 1st appearance, this is not always possible. It is mandatory that the OC ensures a VIS is available for the 2nd appearance.
What is a Section 29 offence?
An offence of:
- a sexual nature
- an offence of a serious assault
- an offence that results in serious injury, death or a person becoming incapable
an offence where a person has ongoing fears for his or her physical safety or for the safety of 1 or more immediate family members
Victim’s views on bail in regards to a S29 offence
The prosecutor must make all reasonable effort to put before the court the views of the victim (or the immediate family if the victim is deceased or incapable) as to the release of the offender.