27 war and revolution KEY TERMS Flashcards Preview

Ap Euro > 27 war and revolution KEY TERMS > Flashcards

Flashcards in 27 war and revolution KEY TERMS Deck (31):
1

three emperors league

A.Hungary, Germany and Russia created in 1873

2

Triple Entente

Great Britain, France, Russia were checking Germany's vague but real aspirations 1914

3

" the sick man of Europe "

ottoman empire

4

Pan Slavism

encouraged the serbs, bosnians, and slovenes, and croats to seek a single political entity in southern europe

5

First Balkan War 1912

Austria created Albania and landlocked Serbia from getting port access to the Adriatic Sea. It was Serbia, Greece, and Bulgaria versus Turks in the Balkans

6

Second Balkan War 1913

Serbia and Greece formed an alliance against Bulgaria and the war began in 1913 when Bulgaria ordered his troops to attack Serbian and Greece in Macedonia

7

Petrograd soviet

Workers and soldiers in a mass meeting of 2-3thousand and watched the provisional government and issued its own radical orders

8

Army Order No. 1

Issued to all Russian military forces, it stripped officers of their authority and placed power to common soldiers; led to a collapse in discipline

9

Vladimir Lenin 1870-1924

socialist leader stressed capitalism can only be destroyed by violent revolution

10

bolsheviks

majority group

11

mensheviks

minority group

12

constituent assembly met for one day in January 18, 1918

Bolsheviks promised this to draw up a new constitution from free elections; fed the flames for civil war

13

war communism

application of the total war concept to a civil conflict; they seized grain from peasants, introduced rationing, nationalized all banks and industry, required everyone to work

14

Cheka

Tsarist secret police which sowed fear and silenced opposition

15

League of Nations

woodrow wilson created it as an idealistic and democratic international cooperation to resolve territorial disputes (France, Britain, USA)

16

Treaty of Versailles

Brit and France mandates created for former colonies and territories of the central powers

17

Article 231

blamed Germany for the war, Germany was forced to pay huge reparations to France/Brit

18

Easter Rebellion

Irish republicans staged an insurrection in England in 1916

19

Balfour Declaration

November 1917 made by British foreign secretary Arthur Balfour, declared that Britain favored a "National Home for the Jewish People" in Palestine

20

Atatürk

means "Father of the Turks"

21

Mustafa Kemal

Established a republic, made himself president, created a one party system for Turkey, wanted to westernize and modernize Turkey; women gained rights

22

significance/location of league of nations

Goal was to end WW1 in peace and was created in Paris Peace conference of 1919

23

significance of easter rebellion

signified the start of the republican revolution in Ireland

24

Georges Clemenceau

French Prime minister apart of the League of Nations, wanted to create a buffer zone between france and germany

25

significance of Georges Clemenceau

played key role in negotiating treaty of versailles

26

herbert spencer

eng philosopher known for doctrine of Social Darwinism

27

Boxer rebellion

AN anti-foreign/anti Christian uprising in China toward the end of the Qing dynasty; uprisings made it hard to control the Chinese

28

Petrograd Soviet

workers and soldiers led by Leon TRosky; overthrew provisional govt

29

Leon TRosky

leader of Petrograd soviet, was the second most imp figure of October REvolution

30

SOS of Cheka

first of numerous soviet government apparatuses created to control the people

31

april theses

written by Vladimir Lenin; a document of 10 pts focusing on Bolshevik efforts on opposing provisional government, called for social revolution