chapter 21 french revolution KEY TERMS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in chapter 21 french revolution KEY TERMS Deck (16):
1

estates

the clergy, the nobility, and everyone else

2

manorial rights

privileges of lordship that dated back to medieval times

3

desacralization

the king was being stripped of the sacred aura of God's anointed on earth and be reinvented as a degenerate

4

Assembly of notables

consisted mainly of important noblemen and high ranking clergy and demanded that control over all government spending be given to the provincial assemblies

5

estates general

look up

6

national assembly

consisted of the delegates of the third estate

7

constitutional monarchy

the National Assembly abolished the French nobility as a legal order and pushed forward with the creation

8

second revolution

the fall of the monarchy marked a rapid radicalization of the Revolution

9

girondists

one side of the Jacobin group named after a department i southwestern France that was home to several of their leaders

10

the Mountain

led by Robespierre and Georges Jacques Danton. Called cos its members sat at the uppermost benches on the left side of the assembly hall

11

sansculottes

laboring poor and petty traders, their interest were mainly economic

12

Reign of Terror

used revolutionary terror to solidify the home front; it was a political weapon directed impartially against all who might oppose the revolutionary government

13

abolition of slavery

February 4 1974 extended it to all French Territories

14

Thermidorian reaction

reaction to the despotism of the Reign of Terror

15

grand empire

Napoleon spread French empire in 1810 into 1. Belgium/Germany/northern Italy 2. Independent satellite kingdoms 3. independent but allied states of Austria, Prussia, and Russia

16

Colbert created mercantilism; its goal

build up nation's supply of gold by exporting goods to other lands and earning gold from their sale