28 Age of Anxiety KEY TERMS Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 28 Age of Anxiety KEY TERMS Deck (21):
1

logical empiricism

rejected most of the concerns of traditional philosophy/ existence of God/ meaning of happiness

2

existentialism

existential thinkers were loosely united in search for moral values in a world of terror and uncertainty; first seen in Germany 1920s

3

Nietzsche

proclaimed the death of God

4

popular existentialists

Jean Paul Sartre and Albert Camus

5

Søren Kierkegaard

1813-1855 rejected formalistic religion; stressed human being's sinful nature and needing God's forgiveness

6

Max Planck

in 1900 showed that subatomic energy is emitted into uneven little spurts (quanta)

7

Marie Curie

Her and French husband Pierre discovered that radium constantly emits subatomic particles and does not have constant atomic weight

8

Albert Einstein

famous theory of special relativity postulated that time and space are relative and speed of light is constant to the universe

9

Sigmund Freud

human behavior is basically irrational

10

id

the primitive, irrational unconscious driven by sexual, aggressive, and pleasure seeking desires and is locked in a constant battle with other parts of the mind

11

ego

mediates what a person CAN do

12

superego

ingrained moral values which specify what a person SHOULD do

13

After first world war, freud psychology influenced...

encouraging growing sexual experimentation, particularly among middle-class women

14

stream-of-consciousness technique

used to explore the psyche

15

William Faulkner

1897-1962 Americas greatest 20th century novelist using stream-of-consciousness technique

16

Bauhaus

brought together many leading modern architects, designers and theatrical innovators (example is Frank Lloyd Wright in the US)

17

Dadaism

attacked all accepted standards of art and behavior, example: Leonardo De Vinci's Mona Lisa; attracted to surrealism

18

Dawes Plan 1924

Germany would get private loans from the US and pay reparations to France and Britain

19

Mein Kampf

Hitler wrote it about his theories and ideas

20

WPA

workers progress administration in 1935 constructing public buildings, bridges, and highways

21

Social Democrat

became largest party in Sweden and Norway after the First World War in the 1920s