2nd TEST Multiple Choice Review Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 2nd TEST Multiple Choice Review Deck (57)
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1
Q

Which Netherlandish artist did a series of six paintings showing seasonal changes?

A

Pieter Bruegel the Elder

2
Q

The Protestant concern about the role of religious imagery was in many cases outright hostile. Many religious images were destroyed during the Reformation. This destruction of religious imagery also occurred during the Byzantine period. Which of the following defines this act?

A

iconoclasm

3
Q

Why is Saint Anthony prominently featured in the Isenheim Altarpiece?

A

his association with diseases and miraculous cures

4
Q

Which German artist most strongly expressed his belief in a truly Protestant form of art?

A

Albrecht Durer

5
Q

Hans Holbein is best known for his _________________________.

A

portraits of nobles and diplomats in the Tudor court

6
Q

What theory informed the symbolism in Durer’s print, Fall of Man?

A

the theory of the four humours, or bodily fluids

7
Q

In Grunewald’s Isenheim Altarpiece, which of the following symbols can be interpreted as the Son of God?

A

the lamb

8
Q

The Italian artist ___________________ was invited to France by King Francis I.

A

Leonardo da Vinci

9
Q

Which building gave rise to a new style of French classicism?

A

the Louvre

10
Q

The ______________________ was created for a hospital that specialized in the care of patients with skin diseases.

A

Isenheim Altarpiece

11
Q

The personal tastes of Francis I ran to the elegant, erotic and unorthodox. Which of the following styles would most appeal to the king and his court?

A

Mannerism

12
Q

The enthusiasm of _______________________ for all things Italian meant that the Italian Renaissance style soon appeared in French architecture.

A

Francis I

13
Q

The format of Bosch’s Garden of Earthly Delights conforms to a long tradition of ________________________.

A

church altarpieces

14
Q

El Greco’s distinctive style ___________________________________________.

A

reveals the influence of Byzantine icons and Venetian painting techniques.

15
Q

During the Reformation, many artists turned to secular subjects, including still lifes and landscapes, because:

A

..of the loss of patronage for religious art in the newly Protestant lands.

16
Q

Artemisia Gentileschi was most strongly influenced by the work of which of the following artists?

A

Caravaggio

17
Q

Which of the following were among the founding members of the Bolognese Academy of Art?

A

the Carracci

18
Q

The illusion of framed easel paintings on the ceiling of the gallery of the Palazzo Farnese is called:

A

quadro riportato

19
Q

Which of the following can be used to describe Borromini’s church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane?

A

He emphasized the sculptural qualities of the building.

20
Q

The canopy-like structure that marks the tomb of St. Peter and the high altar of St. Peter’s is called a:

A

baldacchino

21
Q

Which city has been generally credited with the birth of the Baroque style?

A

Rome

22
Q

The Roman Catholic response to the Reformation was formulated at which of the following?

A

Council of Trent

23
Q

What is one of the symbolic purposes of Bernini’s Baldacchino?

A

The columns invoke the past.

24
Q

Which famous 16th-century work does Caravaggio reference in his Calling of Saint Matthew?

A

Michelangelo’s Creation of Adam

25
Q

Which of the following descriptions applies to Borromini’s design for the church of San Carlo alle Quattro Fontane?

A

It emphasized the sculptural qualities of the building.

26
Q

In Rembrandt’s Anatomy Lesson of Dr. Tulp, the participants are clustered around the diagonally foreshortened corpse. This is in stark contrast to which of the following traditions of group portraiture?

A

The subjects were arranged in neat rows so each face could be seen clearly.

27
Q

Which of the following artists was a Caravaggisto (follower of Caravaggio)?

A

Gerrit van Honthorst

28
Q

Where did the still life type of painting first become popular?

A

In the Netherlands in the 17th century

29
Q

Vermeer is thought to have used which of the following tools?

A

camera obscura

30
Q

How does Hendrick ter Brugghen’s Calling of Saint Matthew differ from Caravaggio’s painting of the same subject?

A

Ter Brugghen’s figures are crammed into a small but well-lit space.

31
Q

What object or objects seen in Dutch still life paintings conveys the theme of vanitas?

A

a half-eaten meal, flowers in bloom, watches and other time-keeping devices…all the above

32
Q

Genre scenes were popular in the Netherlands for their ____________________________________.

A

symbolic references to moral virtues.

33
Q

Rubens was known for ______________________________

A

his large studio with assistants who specialized in particular details

34
Q

Why was Christopher Wren commissioned to build St. Paul’s Cathedral?

A

to replace an earlier church that had burned down in the Great Fire

35
Q

Which of the following artists was most closely associated with the style known as classical Baroque?

A

Poussin

36
Q

The Rococo style first emerged in ___________________.

A

French interior design

37
Q

What is the name of the specific style of Rococo painting that depicted the outdoor amusements and entertainments of the upper classes?

A

fete galante

38
Q

The artist whose work best spoke for the French Revolution was which of the following?

A

Jacques-Louis David

39
Q

Which of the following artists created popular series of paintings which satirized the foibles of the aristocracy and the newly-rich middle class?

A

William Hogarth

40
Q

Quite a number of wealthy young aristocrats returned from their Grand Tour with a veduta painted by ______________________.

A

Canaletto

41
Q

Which of the following paintings was interpreted by the public as a revolutionary statement?

A

David’s Oath of the Horatii

42
Q

Accomplished, educated, upper-class women often hosted ______________________, which were intimate, fashionable, and intellectual gatherings.

A

salons . . . gatherings.

43
Q

Who was the originator of the French Rococo style in painting?

A

Watteau

44
Q

A leading advocate of the Enlightenment in France was which of the following?

A

Voltaire

45
Q

Which of the following 18th-century philosophers stressed the importance of the natural goodness of human beings and was an important forerunner of the Romantic sensibility?

A

Rousseau

46
Q

Gericault’s Raft of the Medusa represents which of the following?

A

the aftermath of a nineteeth-century French shipwreck

47
Q

The “sublime” was considered to inspire which of the following feelings?

A

awe mixed with terror

48
Q

Francois Rude’s sculpture La Marseillaise for the Arc du Triomphe represents which of the following moments in French history?

A

the people of France protecting their borders against foreign enemies of the revolution

49
Q

Lithography impacted 19th-century art in all of the following ways EXCEPT:

A

It diminished the traditional status of painting

50
Q

How do Constable’s landscape paintings evoke the themes of Romanticism in art?

A

the nostalgic emphasis on nature as idyllic and untouched??????

51
Q

Which artist did NOT produce prints emphasizing themes of social critique and political activism?

A

Blake

52
Q

Turner sought to capture the ____________________ in his art.

A

sublime

53
Q

In Los Caprichos , Goya may have intended to _______________________.

A

convey Enlightenment values

54
Q

What about Goya’s Third of May, 1808 epitomizes Romanticism in art?

A

It is darkly emotional.

55
Q

A common thread that connects Romantic artists was:

A

an emphasis on emotional expressiveness

56
Q

Which of the following artists had firsthand knowledge and experience of the American Civil War?

A

Winslow Homer

57
Q

Courbet preferred to paint which of the following subjects?

A

realistic scenes as he saw them