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Flashcards in 3rd test terminology Deck (29)
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1
Q

What is an approach to painting quickly to sketch light, air, and color outside. Used by impressionists.

A

plein-airisme

2
Q

What is a successor to Dada, that incorporated the improvisational nature of its predecessor into exploration of the ways to express in art the world of dreams and the unconscious. Biomorphic Surrealists such as Joan Miro, produced largely abstract compositions. Naturalistic Surrealists, notably Salvador Dali, presented recognizable scenes transformed into a dream or nightmare image.

A

Surrealism

3
Q

What is a term coined by British art critic Lawrence Alloway to refer to art, first appearing in the 1950s, that incorporated elements from consumer culture, the mass media, and popular culture, such as images from motion pictures and advertising.

A

Pop Art

4
Q

What is an early 20th century art movement prompted by a revulsion against the horror of WWI. Dada embraced political anarchy, the irrational, and the intuitive. A disdain for convention, often enlivened by humor or whimsy, is characteristic of the art the Dadaists produced.

A

Dada

5
Q

What is French for Advance Guard, Late 19thand 20th century artists who emphasized innovation and challenged established convention in their work. also used as an adjective.

A

avant- garde

6
Q

What is German the bridge. An early 20th century German expressionist art movement under the leadership of Ernst Ludwig Kirchner. The group thought itself the bridge between the old and the new.

A

Die Brucke

7
Q

What is regionalism

A

Regionalism is a 20th century American art movement that portrayed American rural life, (especially subject matter from every day life that had been viewed previously as inappropriate for depiction). Grant Wood and Thomas Hart Benton as examples of artists.

8
Q

What is De Stijl

A

De Stijl is the style. An early 20th century art movement, and magazine, founded by Piet Mondrian and Theo van Doesburg, whose members promoted utopian ideals and developed a simplified geometric style.

9
Q

What is collage

A

A collage isCollage describes both the technique and the resulting work of art in which pieces of paper, photographs, fabric and other ephemera are arranged and stuck down onto a supporting surface.

10
Q

What is formalism

A

Formalism is strict adherence to or dependence on stylized shapes and methods of composition. an emphasis on an artwork’s visual elements rather than its subject.

11
Q

What is fauvism

A

Fauvism is an early 20th century art movement led by Henri Matisse. For the Fauves, color became the formal element most responsible for pictorial coherence and the primary conveyor of meaning.

12
Q

What is automatism

A

Automatism is in painting, the process of yielding oneself to instinctive motions of th hands after establishing a set of conditions (such as size of paper and medium) within which a work is to be created.

13
Q

What is pointillism

A

Pointillism is a system of painting devised by the 19th century French painter Georges Seurat. The artist separates color into its component parts and then applies the component colors to the canvas in tiny dots (points). The image becomes comprehensible only from a distance. when the viewer’s eyes optically blend the pigment dots. Sometimes referred to as divisionism.

14
Q

What are earthworks

A

Earthworks are Environmental art. An American art form that emerged in the 1960s. Often using the land itself as their material, Environmental artists construct monuments of great scale and minimal form. Permanent or impermanent, these works transform some section of the environment, calling attention to both to t land itself and to the hand of the artist.

15
Q

What is futurism

A

Futurism is an early 20th century Italian art movement that championed war as a cleansing agent that celebrated the speed and dynamism of modern technology.

16
Q

What is biomorphism

A

Biomorphism is Biomorphism models artistic design elements on naturally occurring patterns or shapes reminiscent of nature and living organisms. Taken to its extreme it attempts to force naturally occurring shapes onto functional devices.

17
Q

what is a mobile

A

A mobile is a kind of sculpture, invented by Alexander Calder, combining nonobjective organic forms and motion in balanced structures having from rods, wires, and colored, organically shaped plates.

18
Q

What is minimalism

A

Minimalism is a predominantly sculptural American trend of the 1960s characterized by works featuring severe reduction of form, often single, homogeneous units.

19
Q

What is primitivism

A

Primitivism is the incorporation of early 20th century Western art of stylistic elements froth artifacts of Africa, Oceania, and the native peoples of America.

20
Q

What is performance art

A

Performance art is an American Avant-garde art trend of the 1960s that made time an integral element of art. it produced works in which movements, gestures, and sounds of persons communicating with an audience replace physical objects. Documentary photographs are generally the only evidence after these events.

21
Q

What is abstract expressionism

A

abstract expressionism is the first major American avant-guard movement. Abstract expressionist emerged in NYC in the 1940s. the artists produced abstract paintings that expressed their state of mind and that they hoped would strike emotional chords win viewers. The movement developed along two lines: gestural abstraction and chromatic abstraction.

22
Q

What is ready made

A

Ready made is The readymades of Marcel Duchamp are ordinary manufactured objects that the artist selected and modified, as an antidote to what he called “retinal art”. By simply choosing the object (or objects) and repositioning or joining, titling and signing it, the Found object became art.

23
Q

What is fin de siècle

A

Fin de siècle is French end of the century. A periodic Western cultural history from the end of the 19th century and just before WWI, When decadence and indulgence masked anxiety about and uncertain future.

24
Q

What is cantilever

A

a cantilever is A cantilever is a rigid structural element, such as a beam or a plate, anchored at one end to a (usually vertical) support from which it protrudes; this connection could also be perpendicular to a flat, vertical surface such as a wall.

25
Q

What is synthetic cubism

A

Synthetic cubism is a later phase of cubism, in which paintings and drawings were constructed from objects and shapes cut from paper or other materials to represent parts of a subject, in order to engage the viewer with pictorial issues, such as figuration, realism, and abstraction.

26
Q

What is deconstructivism

A

Deconstructivism is a late 20th century architectural style. Deconstructivist architects attempt to disorient the observer by disrupting the conventional categories of architecture. The haphazard presentation of volumes, masses, planes, lighting and so forth challenges the viewer’s assumptions about format it relates to function.

27
Q

What is the armory show

A

The armory show was The International Exhibition of Modern Art — which came to be known, simply, as the Armory Show — marked the dawn of Modernism in America. … On the evening of the show’s opening, 4,000 guests milled around the makeshift galleries in the 69th Regiment Armory on Lexington Avenue.

28
Q

What is the bauhaus

A

The Bauhaus was a school of architecture in Germany in the 1920s under the aegis of Walter Gropius, who emphasized the unity of art, architecture, and design.

29
Q

What is color field painting. Frankenthaler Tutti Frutti.

A

Color field painting is a variant of Post Painterly Abstraction in which artists sought to reduce painting to its physical essence by pouring diluted paint onto unprimed canvas and letting the pigments soak int the fabric, as exemplified by the work of Helen Frankenthaler and Morris Louis.