Flashcards in 3/15 quiz reconstruction Deck (17):
what was share cropping?
freed men rented a portion of plantation land and gave an amount of harvest back to the plantation owner as rent.
what was the 13th amendment?
what was the 14th amendment?
gave blacks citizen rights and protection under the law
what was the 15th amendment?
prohibits discrimination in voting rights based on "race color or previous condition of servitude"
what were the jim crow laws?
laws that restricted the rights of African Americans
when were the 14th 13th and 15th amendments passed?
what were three things blacks couldn't do because of the black codes?
own a house, go into town, have public meetings, bear arms
what did the emancipation proclamation do?
freed slaves in all rebellious states
what was the Plessy v.s. Ferguson case?
Homer Plessy sat in a "white only" car (on a train)and refused to move. he was arrested and tried.
what was the result of Plessy v.s. Ferguson?
"separate but equal"
what was Plessys claim ?
he was denied equal protection under the law
what was the Williams v.s. Mississippi case ?
challenged the literacy requirement to vote
what was the Cumming V.S. the board of education of Richmond County rulling?
federal gov. cannot prevent segregation in local school facilities because education is local not federal issue
name three (3) jim crow laws
Poll tax, Segregation, Literacy test for voting
who wrote the "Black codes"?
People who didnt want african americans to have equal rights ("KKK" white supremacist groups)
why was education important to freed slaves during reconstruction?
so they could get farther in life OR pass literacy test