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Flashcards in 3/15 quiz reconstruction Deck (17):
1

what was share cropping?

freed men rented a portion of plantation land and gave an amount of harvest back to the plantation owner as rent.

2

what was the 13th amendment?

abolished slavery

3

what was the 14th amendment?

gave blacks citizen rights and protection under the law

4

what was the 15th amendment?

prohibits discrimination in voting rights based on "race color or previous condition of servitude"

5

what were the jim crow laws?

laws that restricted the rights of African Americans

6

when were the 14th 13th and 15th amendments passed?

1860-1870

7

what were three things blacks couldn't do because of the black codes?

own a house, go into town, have public meetings, bear arms

8

what did the emancipation proclamation do?

freed slaves in all rebellious states

9

what was the Plessy v.s. Ferguson case?

Homer Plessy sat in a "white only" car (on a train)and refused to move. he was arrested and tried.

10

what was the result of Plessy v.s. Ferguson?

"separate but equal"

11

what was Plessys claim ?

he was denied equal protection under the law

12

what was the Williams v.s. Mississippi case ?

challenged the literacy requirement to vote

13

what was the Cumming V.S. the board of education of Richmond County rulling?

federal gov. cannot prevent segregation in local school facilities because education is local not federal issue

14

name three (3) jim crow laws

Poll tax, Segregation, Literacy test for voting

15

who wrote the "Black codes"?

People who didnt want african americans to have equal rights ("KKK" white supremacist groups)

16

why was education important to freed slaves during reconstruction?

so they could get farther in life OR pass literacy test

17

now that the African Americans are free what were they able to do? (before Jim Crow Laws and Black Codes)

get married, parades, work in the gov. join army, own a house, hold jobs that they were never going to have as a slave (teacher, shop owner)