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Flashcards in test review Deck (106):
1

who argued that the BUS was unconstitutional and gave too much power to the banks?

jefferson

2

Washington stated his desire to stay _______ and warned against entangling alliances

Neutral

3

Republicans Thomas Jefferson and James Madison wrote the Kentucky and Virginia resolution to attack the _____ party

Federalist

4

who created the bank (BUS) to regulate money ?

Hamilton

5

true or false Jefferson wanted the economy to remain focused on farming

true

6

Thomas Jefferson was named ______?

secretary of state deals with issues involving forien nations

7

true or falseJefferson believed that the political power should remain in state power to protect liberty.

True

8

Federalists in congress passed the ___ and _____ acts

alien, sedation

9

Adams sent diplomats to France to negotiate an agreement on american __________________________

trade rights in Europe

10

France was frustrated by American neutrality and began to __________________________

Seize U.S. merchant ships

11

Hamilton focused on issues dealing with _______?

Money

12

three french officials ( __ __ and ___) demanded a ______ to meet with french ministers.

X Y Z, bribe

13

the Kentucky and Virginia resolutions presented and argument that sates could _______ unfair national laws

ignore

14

what did Washington focus on that would shape the new nation

domestic issues

15

who did Jefferson want the US to support to preserve liberty ?

france

16

Alexander Hamilton believed in _______ and ______

strong economy and industry

17

who prepossessed a financial plan that would guide the future of the us economy Jefferson or Hamilton

hamilton

18

the alien and sedation act made it a crime to ......

criticize government leaders, restrict citizenship for new immigrants and make it easier to deport immigrants.

19

who formed the democratic-republican party

jefferson

20

The " Revolution of 1800" was the first time that one political party______________

transferred power to another party

21

The Marbary V.S. Madison case established the principle of __________________

Judicial review

22

Jefferson was worried about french control of new Orleans and the_____________________

Mississippi River

23

despite Jefferson's belief in __________ interpretation, Jefferson used the __________________ to buy the Mississippi

strict, elastic clause

24

Jefferson sent ______ and ________ to explore the Louisiana territory

Lewis and Clark

25

Jefferson second term was plagued with

forien policy problems

26

in 1807 Jeff ordered an _____ and banned all U.S. trade with England and France

Embargo

27

Madison was the __________ of the constitution

Architect

28

Madison continued __________ national gov.

Limmited

29

England and France continued to violate the ________ the British navy continued to "_________" the american merchants

free trade, Impress

30

congress men who supported the war of 1812 were called

War hawks

31

after Madison declared war on England and France _________ surged

Patriotism

32

the war of 1812 went ____ in the early years

Badly

33

the treaty of _________ ended the war

Ghent

34

the treaty of Ghent didn't address the the _______ of the war

Causes

35

by 1816 the ___________ party was so weak the _____________ could do almost anything

Federalist, Democratic-Republican

36

who proposed the the american system?

Henry Clay

37

what was the american system?

plan to unify the economy's of the north south and west • created a second bank of US•created roads connecting north and south • put a tariff on British goods

38

the american system allowed the USA to create a national ________________________ for the first time.

Market economy

39

who was president Monroe's secretary of state?

John Quincy Addams

40

in 1819 the USA gained _____________ from spain

Florida

41

the ________________ treaty was used to gain Florida

Addam-Onis

42

the USA wanted to support the new ___________ of the independent Latin countries

republic

43

what was the Monroe doctrine?

it warned European nations that the USA would protect the western hemisphere and that the US would not interfere in Europe

44

the growing problems between the north and south was called....?

sectionalism

45

what was the Missouri compromise ?

Missouri became a slave state and Maine broke from Massachusetts and be came a free state. Slavery was outlawed in all western territories above the latitude of 36/30

46

who negotiated the Missouri compromise?

Henry Clay

47

how did improved transportation help businesses?

more people could travel to the business and the business could ship things faster

48

How was the production of goods affected by the industrial revolution?

more people could get items because of better transportation.

49

who built the first textile mill in the united states?

Samuel slater

50

what was an effect of the telegraph?

~better communication~messages could be received faster

51

Joseph smith created which church in second great awakening ?

the Mormon church

52

what was temperance?

one of the first reform movements to get people to stop drinking

53

by 1850 every state had_____________

Publically funded schools

54

what was the meeting at Seneca falls?

it was the first organized women rights meeting

55

who organized the first women rights movement?

Elizabeth Cady Stanton

56

what was the "Declaration of Sentiments"?

a list of demands including property rights for women and the right to vote.

57

Was the women's movement in 1848 successful?

it failed to gain any major goals of the women's rights movement

58

what was Abolitionism?

the desire to emacipate (Free) all slaves

59

abolition grew more popular in the ______ but was seen as a __________ to the "southern way of life.

North, threat

60

who was Americas leading abolitionist ?

William Lloyd Garrison

61

who wrote "the liberator" a anti slave society news letter?

William Lloyd Garrison

62

what was "the Liberator"?

a news letter that demanded the immediate end to slavery without payment to slave owners

63

who was Fredrick Douglas ?

a runaway slave, popular antislavery speaker and author of "the north star" news letter

64

from 1800- 1840 what increased in america ?

democracy

65

by 1840 what was removed by most states?

voting restrictions

66

what were some transportation or other inventions what were discovered in the second great awakening ?

any of these are okayinvention of commercial steam boatcreation of national roadsstart of factoriestelegraphtrains/ national railwaysinterchangeable parts

67

The " Revolution of 1800" was the first time that one political party______________

transferred power to another party

68

The Marbary V.S. Madison case established the principle of __________________

Judicial review

69

Jefferson was worried about french control of new Orleans and the_____________________

Mississippi River

70

despite Jefferson's belief in __________ interpretation, Jefferson used the __________________ to buy the Mississippi

strict, elastic clause

71

who negotiated the Missouri compromise?

Henry Clay

72

Andrew Jackson was the first "_______" as president

common man

73

Andrew Jackson was born ______ uneducated and from______

was born poor uneducated and from the west

74

Jackson split the democratic-Republican party and led to the formation to the _______ party

Democratic

75

Jackson returned to the policy of......

States rights, protection of liberty and westward expantion

76

Andrew Jackson greatly expanded what power?

Presidential power

77

when Jackson enterd office, what did he encourage the use of?

the spoils system

78

what was the spoils system?

Jackson removed bureaucrats from previous government positions and replaced them with his own loyal party members (the act of giving government jobs to the common people)

79

the spoils system was seen as very ....?

Democratic, but eventually led to courruption

80

how many terms did Andrew Jackson serve?

two

81

what were the 3 main conflicts Jackson had during his presidency ?

Indian removal, Nullification Crisis, and the bank war

82

what was in the way of Americans moving west?

Indians

83

what was in Georgia?

Gold

84

what is the name of the land that the government tried to take from the Indians?

Cherokee lands

85

what was the Cherokee v.s. Georgia case?

the Cherokee (Indians) sued the supreme court and won

86

although the Indians won the rights to their land, Andrew Jackson signed the ......

Indian removal act

87

what was the Indian removal act?

it forced all Indian tribes to relocate west of the Mississippi

88

the US army forced the Indians west on the ......

"trail of tears"

89

what caused an obvious tension between the north and south?

Tariffs

90

what was the tension between the north and south called?

Sectionalism

91

why did northern states favor tariffs?

they favored tariffs because they profited when people bough more manufactured goods

92

why did southern states oppose tariffs?

they opposed them because, the tariff made goods more expensive and led to European tariffs on cotton

93

who was Jackson vice president?

Calhoun

94

Calhoun threatened that south Carolina would ___ the "unfair federal tax

nullify (ignore)

95

What was the force bill?

A bill that was used to enforce the tariff on the southern states

96

What happened when Henry Clay introduced a lower tariff?

It relieved sectional tensions

97

What did the states use to argue that secession from the union was possible ?

"States rights"

98

What was the compromise of 1833?

When Henry clay lowered the tariff on northern goods to please southern states during the nullification crisis

99

Jackson thought the __________ was unconstitutional and gave too much __________ to the elite

Bank of the US (BUS), Power

100

3 times Jackson "over stepped" at president

Spoils system , Indian removal act , stand against states rights strengthened the power of the president.

101

What party was created to restore the two party system?

the Whigs

102

Who supported the re chartering of the BUS?

Henry Clay and bank manager Nicolas Biddle

103

After letting the BUS expire, what did Jackson do with all of the money?

Jackson put it in 23 "pet" state banks

104

With out the BUS, banking went ____________ and the economy when into a number of "_____________"

Unregulated, panics (depressions)

105

Who wrote the Monroe doctrine?

John Quincy Addams

106

What was the meaning of the Whigs name?

It refers to the "English Whigs" who were opposed to absolute monarchy