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Flashcards in Midterm Review Deck (30):
1

Virginia house of burgesses

First elected legislative body elected by the people

2

Fundamental orders of Connecticut

The Fundamental Orders were adopted by the Connecticut Colony council . The orders describe the government set up by the Connecticut River towns, setting its structure and powers.

3

Town hall meetings

Informal public meeting

4

Mayflower compact

Laws made at the arrival to Massachusetts stating that they would follow the laws.

6

Parliamentary sovereignty

is a concept in the constitutional law of some parliamentary democracies. It holds that the legislative body has absolute sovereignty, and is supreme over all other government institutions, including executive or judicial bodies.

7

Committees of correspondence

shadow governments organized by the Patriot leaders of the Thirteen Colonies on the eve of the American Revolution.

8

John Locke philosophy

he defended the claim that men are by nature free and equal against claims that God had made all people naturally subject to a monarchy

9

Montesquieu Philosophy

He was a French political thinker who lived in the Enlightenment. He is famous for his theory of the separation of powers in government.

11

Salutary neglect

The mother country ignores its colonies but still benefits from the colonies. Mother country allows the colonies to self govern.

12

Mercantilism

Holds that a nation or an empire could build wealth and power by developing its industries and export of manufactured goods in exchange for gold and silver.

13

Articles of confederation

The Articles of Confederation served as the written document that established the functions of the national government of the United States after it declared independence from Great Britain.

14

North west ordinance of 1787

Provided a method of bringing new states into the union

15

Shays rebellion

American farmers against state and local enforcement of tax collections and judgments for debt.

20

Thomas paines common sense

Expressed what he wanted the colonies to do to gain independence and why.

21

Thomas Jeffersons Declaration of Independence

Based on paines ideas to denounce the king as a tyrant. Long list of grievances and the idea that all men are created equal

24

George Washington

Was a general in the French and Indian war, helped lead revolution, first president.

25

Federalist papers

Urged ratification of the constitution

26

great comprimise

created the house of rep and 2 senators per sate to satisfy both large and small states

27

separation of powers

an act of vesting the legislative, executive, and judicial powers of government in separate bodies.

28

checks and balances

all branches of government check and balance each other out so no branch has too much power

29

veto

to reject

30

three fifths comprimise

5 slaves = 3 slaves for population

31

federalist v.s. anti federalists

see picture

A image thumb
32

federalism

power is shared between nation and state

33

bill of rights

the Bill of Rights is the collective name for the first ten amendments to the United States Constitution.

34

amendment/process

a monor change in a document The Constitution provides that an amendment may be proposed either by the Congress with a two-thirds majority vote in both the House of Representatives and the Senate or by a constitutional convention called for by two-thirds of the State legislatures.

35

electoral college

 The founding fathers established it in the Constitution as a compromise between election of the President by a vote in Congress and election of the President by a popular vote of qualified citizens.

36

how does a bill become a law

If a bill has passed in both the U.S. House of Representatives and the U.S. Senate and has been approved by the President, or if a presidential veto has been overridden, the bill becomes a law and is enforced by the government.

37

whiskey rebellion

a tax was placed on whiskey, which resulted in multiple rebellions.

38

elastic clause

granting Congress the power to pass all laws necessary and proper for carrying out the enumerated list of powers. used to buy the Louisianna purchase.