3.4 described information processing bias and combat strategies Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3.4 described information processing bias and combat strategies Deck (8)
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0
Q

List the common vices that can adversely affect clinical judgement

A
Representative heuristic
availability heuristic
Fundamental attribution error
Confirmation bias
Covariation misestimation
Preconceived ideas
Lack of awareness of one's own judge mental processes and factors that influence judgement
Over confidence in diagnosis
Race, social class and gender bias
Hindsight bias
1
Q

What are a heuristics

A

Effective economical and resource for shortcuts to clinical decisions and problem solving

Can also lead to cognitive bias and therefore limited perceptions and diagnostic accuracy and put clinicians at risk of overconfidence

2
Q

Described representativeness heuristic

A

Causal judgement Heuristic which an antecedent condition in the client’s life resembles the problem they present with and thus is giving causal importance

3
Q

Define availability heuristic

A

Making a decision based on information that’s available

4
Q

Define fundamental attribution error

A

Attribution of trouble behaviour to a troubling environment rather than a dis position in themselves

5
Q

Confirmation bias

A

Looking for information that confirms a hypothesis and subsequently failing to attend to other relevant information

6
Q

Covariation misestimation

A

An incorrect assessment of Coke variation for example considering the symptoms that are present but not those that are absent

7
Q

What are some possible debiasing techniques

A

Actively considering alternative outcomes
Increasing attention to Data that is usually ignored
Decreasing reliance on memory
Assess and reflect on your own mindsets
Use a variety of assessment methods
Adhere strictly to diagnostic criteria