3.9a Real Sustainable food Flashcards Preview

9GE02 Globalisation > 3.9a Real Sustainable food > Flashcards

Flashcards in 3.9a Real Sustainable food Deck (24):

Reasons why globalisation creates ethical concerns?

1.Industrial companies as well as transport companies are polluting (very high CO2 emissions)
2. Some workers can be exploited (not socially sustainable)
3.Corruption is normal in some countries
4.Sub-contracting causes weak governance e.g sweatshops
5.My have factories in developing countries hence health and safety laws may not always be met.


Environmental problem of globalisation (number 1)

1.EU environmental regulations means negative externalities of production now shifted to the developing countries.


Environmental problem of globalisation (number 2)

2.Increased exploitation and allow development of natural resource base of developing countries.

(e.g. growth of palm-oil production in Indonesia or loss of orangutan habitats)


Environmental problem of globalisation (number 3)

3.Less strict regulations lead to higher levels of pollution

(e.g. Taipei in Taiwan has one of the world's highest levels of air pollution.)


Environmental problem of globalisation (number 4)

4.Increased length of production chain:each stage and transport between them can cause air/water/land pollution.


Environmental problem of globalisation (number 5)

5.Pollution and damage to ecosystems may cause long-term problems to ecosystem and people's health.

(e.g. over 7000 factories in Mexico City=dangerous levels of air pollution 2 out of 3 =days)


Case study Arabica Coffee Beans

Sun cultivation
-No forest canopy
-Fertilisers needed
-2.5million acres of forest lost
(not environmentally sustainable)


Things to think about (part of our consumerist society)

-Why should you chose what you buy?
-Impacts locally and globally
-social, environment, and economical factors.


Ways to be ethical...

-High prices paid to growers and roaster(in terms of coffee)
-Workers own the co-operative
-High overall cost to consumer
-All players working together positively
-fair trade
-Organic foods
-Recycled packaging used


Benefits of buying locally

-Lower carbon footprint and lower food miles=reduced emissions=more sustainable
-Local food is often organic, don't use pesticides, so it is good for the biodiversity
-Local farmers receive a raised income
- Consumers know where the food has come from


Problems for consumers if they buy locally (problem 1)

Local food is not always available and is more expensive.


Problems for consumers if they buy locally (problem 2)

Might have high environmental costs
(e.g. heated greenhouse to meet required temperatures in the UK)


Problems for consumers if they buy locally (problem 3)

Consumers lose access to all-year supplies of seasonal food


Problems for consumers if they buy locally (problem 4)

Food routed via depots so long journeys are still made


Problems for consumers if they buy locally (problem 5)

Unrealistic for local farmers to be able to support large population of a city.


Problems for producers if they buy locally (problem 1)

Poor farmers in Less developed countries lose trade and work.


Problems for producers if they buy locally (problem 2)

Less sales creates surplus and prices can fluctuate


Problems for producers if they buy locally (problem 3)

Even harder for poor farmers to access HIC (high income country)


Fair trade ( in theory)

You can help the environment -often organic food (fewer pesticides, richer soil,cleaner water)


Fair trade ( in theory)

You can help poorer farmers buy paying a little extra as a customer.


Fair trade ( in theory)

You can show that you dislike multinational companies-buy locally


Fair trade ( in reality)

Less intensive organic food requires much more land to grow equivalent amount of food


Fair trade ( in reality )

Higher price fairtrade food leads to overproduction,depressing prices lower than originally


Fair trade ( in reality )

1/2 of food transport is cars, so to local farmers is inefficient compared to big packed lorries