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Flashcards in 3rd 9wks Study Guide Deck (71):
0

What were 5 precedents established by Washington?

•Stay neutral in foreign affairs/independent
•Cabinet
•No toleration for violent protests
•2 term presidency
•Both a farewell and inauguration speech

1

Why were political parties established?

Because people had different views on how to run the country and different interpretations of the constitution

2

What was Washington's thoughts on political parties?

He thought they were bad

3

What was Washington's foreign policy?

Stay neutral and intependant

4

What were the two first political parties?

Democratic-republican and federalist

5

Why did political leaders want to form political parties?

To gain a support group for their views

6

What was the Whiskey Rebellion and why was it important?

It was a rebellion against the whiskey tax and was important because it proved that the president could enforce the law

7

What were the Alien and Sedition Acts intended to do?

Prevent criticism of the government during times of war

8

Who was John Sevier?

First governor of Tennessee

9

Who was William Blount?

William Blount was the first appointed governor of the Southwest territory

10

In what year did Tennessee become a state?

1796

11

Where does the Cumberland River flow?

It flows through Nashville

12

Where does the Tennessee River flow?

It flows through Tennessee and Alabama

13

Where does the Mississippi River flow?

Flows through the western boundary of Tennessee

14

What was passed because of the Election of 1800?

The 12th amendment was passed

15

Who won the election of 1800?

Thomas Jefferson

16

What was Jefferson's interpretation of the Constitution?

Strict

17

What did the Louisiana purchase do and how much did it cost?

It doubled the size of the US and it cost 15 million

18

Why did Lewis and Clark want to find a water route to the Pacific ocean? (Northwest passage)

It would provide a more direct route to the markets in China and India

19

What were Jefferson's four goals for the Louis and Clark expedition?

•Find the Northwest passage
•Map the journey
•Take notes on plants and animals
•Meet Native Americans and treat them well

20

What was the result of the Embargo Act?

It badly hurt U.S. shipping and agriculture activities/business

21

What did the Marbury v. Madison case do?

It established judicial review

22

Define judicial review

The Supreme Court can rule that a new law violates the Constitution

23

Name two causes of the war of 1812

•The British were arming and encouraging Native Americans to fight against the US
•The British captured American ships bound for Europe

24

During the war of 1812, who did the Americans fight against?

The British

25

With the US entered the war of 1812, what did our army and navy look like?

We were a small army and navy that lacked the training to face the British Army

26

What was the outcome of the war of 1812?

The Americans won

27

Name two affects of the war of 1812

•Americans fell a new sense of national pride
•Congress protected American manufacturers by raising tariffs on imported goods

28

Who gained fame during the Battle of New Orleans?

Andrew Jackson

29

What was the goal of Tehcumseh's Indian confederation?

To return the old ways and unite the nations to resist white settlers

30

What was the outcome of MuCullough v. Maryland?

States have no power to control federal institutions within their borders

31

What is the Nullification Crisis about?

Protective tariffs

32

Who did the high protective tariffs of 1828 affect and why?

Southern planters because it increased the price of manufactured goods

33

Andrew Jackson thought the National Bank of the United States helped who?

He thought it mostly helped the wealthy

34

Who thought of Andrew Jackson as thier champion and why?

The common people because Andrew Jackson was a common man

35

During the era of the common man, what went up and why?

The number of people participating in the voting process because the requirement to own property was dropped

36

Who was Pres. during the era of the common man?

Andrew Jackson

37

Who chose John Quincy Adams as president?

House of Representatives

38

When was John Quincy Adams elected?

During the election of 1824

39

What did Sequoya do?

He invented the Cherokee alphabet

40

What was the Manifest Destiny?

It was that America's God-given right was to expand west/westward expansion

41

Who was Sam Houston/what did he do?

He was governor of Tennessee and Texas, president of Texas, U.S. representative, and U.S. Senator

42

Who is James K Polk?

He was governor of Tennessee, a state senator and representative, and the 11th US Pres.

43

Where did the Mormons move to and why?

They moved to Utah to escape religious persecution

44

Why did people travel to California?

They wanted to buy gold and get there as quickly as possible

45

Why did missionaries move west?

To convert Native Americans to Christianity

46

Why did settlers and trappers move toward Oregon?

Fertile lands, plentiful rainfall, and mild climate

47

Who else traveled along the Oregon Trail besides trappers?

Families, including woman with babies who had to deal with many struggles along the way

48

What was a cause of the Texas Revolution?

Texans came into conflict with Mexico because Mexico had unfair laws/outlawed slavery

49

Where was the most well-known battle of the Texas Revolution fought?

The Alamo

50

Why didn't the United States want to let Texas become part of the United States?

They didn't want to anger Mexico and it would increase tensions over slavery

51

What was an effect of the Texas Revolution?

Texas gained independence from Mexico

52

What happened at the Alamo/who won?

All US soldiers were killed at the Alamo/Mexico won

53

Why did United States wait to annex Texas for 10 years?

Because of the slavery issue and they worried about making Mexico mad

54

Name two causes of the Mexican war

•Pres. Polk provoked war to get more land
•American and Mexican troops clashed near the Rio Grande because of the border dispute

55

What was an effect of the Mexican war?

The United States gained land and stretched from sea to sea

56

Because we gained do lands from the Mexican war, what was a disagreement that happened about?

Americans could not agree whether or not new lands should allow slavery

57

What type of government does the United States have?

Democratic republic

58

What kind of legislator does the United States have?

A bicameral legislature; House and Senate

59

What does "We the people" in the preamble of the Constitution mean?

It means that the Constitution gets its authority from its citizens

60

What is does legislative branch do?

Makes the laws

61

What does the judicial branch do?

It explains laws, determines if they are constitutional

62

What does the executive branch do?

Enforce and carry out laws

63

What does the President's Cabinet do?

It is advises the president and helps enforce laws

64

Why are the three branches of government separate and balanced?

So one branch doesn't have too much power over the others

65

What does the judicial branch have power to do?

Declare actions and the laws unconstitutional

66

What does the legislative branch have the power to do?

Impeach the president

67

What does the executive branch have power to do?

Appoint judges

68

What are the Bill of Rights?
(2 things)

•They are the 1st-10th amendments
•They contain fundamental liberties for the citizens of the United States

69

Why has the Constitution lasted so long?

Combines a strong framework with flexibility

70

Define federalism and give an example

•When the federal and state govts share power.
•The federal and state governments both have power to tax