Flashcards in 3rd 9wks Study Guide Deck (71):
What were 5 precedents established by Washington?
•Stay neutral in foreign affairs/independent
•No toleration for violent protests
•2 term presidency
•Both a farewell and inauguration speech
Why were political parties established?
Because people had different views on how to run the country and different interpretations of the constitution
What was Washington's thoughts on political parties?
He thought they were bad
What was Washington's foreign policy?
Stay neutral and intependant
What were the two first political parties?
Democratic-republican and federalist
Why did political leaders want to form political parties?
To gain a support group for their views
What was the Whiskey Rebellion and why was it important?
It was a rebellion against the whiskey tax and was important because it proved that the president could enforce the law
What were the Alien and Sedition Acts intended to do?
Prevent criticism of the government during times of war
Who was John Sevier?
First governor of Tennessee
Who was William Blount?
William Blount was the first appointed governor of the Southwest territory
In what year did Tennessee become a state?
Where does the Cumberland River flow?
It flows through Nashville
Where does the Tennessee River flow?
It flows through Tennessee and Alabama
Where does the Mississippi River flow?
Flows through the western boundary of Tennessee
What was passed because of the Election of 1800?
The 12th amendment was passed
Who won the election of 1800?
What was Jefferson's interpretation of the Constitution?
What did the Louisiana purchase do and how much did it cost?
It doubled the size of the US and it cost 15 million
Why did Lewis and Clark want to find a water route to the Pacific ocean? (Northwest passage)
It would provide a more direct route to the markets in China and India
What were Jefferson's four goals for the Louis and Clark expedition?
•Find the Northwest passage
•Map the journey
•Take notes on plants and animals
•Meet Native Americans and treat them well
What was the result of the Embargo Act?
It badly hurt U.S. shipping and agriculture activities/business
What did the Marbury v. Madison case do?
It established judicial review
Define judicial review
The Supreme Court can rule that a new law violates the Constitution
Name two causes of the war of 1812
•The British were arming and encouraging Native Americans to fight against the US
•The British captured American ships bound for Europe
During the war of 1812, who did the Americans fight against?
With the US entered the war of 1812, what did our army and navy look like?
We were a small army and navy that lacked the training to face the British Army
What was the outcome of the war of 1812?
The Americans won
Name two affects of the war of 1812
•Americans fell a new sense of national pride
•Congress protected American manufacturers by raising tariffs on imported goods
Who gained fame during the Battle of New Orleans?
What was the goal of Tehcumseh's Indian confederation?
To return the old ways and unite the nations to resist white settlers
What was the outcome of MuCullough v. Maryland?
States have no power to control federal institutions within their borders
What is the Nullification Crisis about?
Who did the high protective tariffs of 1828 affect and why?
Southern planters because it increased the price of manufactured goods
Andrew Jackson thought the National Bank of the United States helped who?
He thought it mostly helped the wealthy
Who thought of Andrew Jackson as thier champion and why?
The common people because Andrew Jackson was a common man
During the era of the common man, what went up and why?
The number of people participating in the voting process because the requirement to own property was dropped
Who was Pres. during the era of the common man?
Who chose John Quincy Adams as president?
House of Representatives
When was John Quincy Adams elected?
During the election of 1824
What did Sequoya do?
He invented the Cherokee alphabet
What was the Manifest Destiny?
It was that America's God-given right was to expand west/westward expansion
Who was Sam Houston/what did he do?
He was governor of Tennessee and Texas, president of Texas, U.S. representative, and U.S. Senator
Who is James K Polk?
He was governor of Tennessee, a state senator and representative, and the 11th US Pres.
Where did the Mormons move to and why?
They moved to Utah to escape religious persecution
Why did people travel to California?
They wanted to buy gold and get there as quickly as possible
Why did missionaries move west?
To convert Native Americans to Christianity
Why did settlers and trappers move toward Oregon?
Fertile lands, plentiful rainfall, and mild climate
Who else traveled along the Oregon Trail besides trappers?
Families, including woman with babies who had to deal with many struggles along the way
What was a cause of the Texas Revolution?
Texans came into conflict with Mexico because Mexico had unfair laws/outlawed slavery
Where was the most well-known battle of the Texas Revolution fought?
Why didn't the United States want to let Texas become part of the United States?
They didn't want to anger Mexico and it would increase tensions over slavery
What was an effect of the Texas Revolution?
Texas gained independence from Mexico
What happened at the Alamo/who won?
All US soldiers were killed at the Alamo/Mexico won
Why did United States wait to annex Texas for 10 years?
Because of the slavery issue and they worried about making Mexico mad
Name two causes of the Mexican war
•Pres. Polk provoked war to get more land
•American and Mexican troops clashed near the Rio Grande because of the border dispute
What was an effect of the Mexican war?
The United States gained land and stretched from sea to sea
Because we gained do lands from the Mexican war, what was a disagreement that happened about?
Americans could not agree whether or not new lands should allow slavery
What type of government does the United States have?
What kind of legislator does the United States have?
A bicameral legislature; House and Senate
What does "We the people" in the preamble of the Constitution mean?
It means that the Constitution gets its authority from its citizens
What is does legislative branch do?
Makes the laws
What does the judicial branch do?
It explains laws, determines if they are constitutional
What does the executive branch do?
Enforce and carry out laws
What does the President's Cabinet do?
It is advises the president and helps enforce laws
Why are the three branches of government separate and balanced?
So one branch doesn't have too much power over the others
What does the judicial branch have power to do?
Declare actions and the laws unconstitutional
What does the legislative branch have the power to do?
Impeach the president
What does the executive branch have power to do?
What are the Bill of Rights?
•They are the 1st-10th amendments
•They contain fundamental liberties for the citizens of the United States
Why has the Constitution lasted so long?
Combines a strong framework with flexibility