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Flashcards in Southern Slavery/Reform Test Deck (29):
0

Harriet Beecher Stowe- what did she write and what was its purpose?

She wrote Uncle Tom's Cabin and its purpose was to educate and turn people against slavery

1

What amendment was the outcome of the abolitionist movement?

The 13th amendment

2

Who wrote the Kansas/Nebraska act?
What did he want?

Stephen Douglas. He wanted to build a railroad that would pass through his home state and western territories

3

What is the process that allows people in their territory or state to vote directly on issuer rather than have their elected representatives decide?

Popular sovereignty

4

What was the Republican Party's main goal?

To oppose and stop slavery expansion in the western territories

5

Why was Bleeding Kansas called that?

Named for the violence between pro and anti-slavery groups

6

What was the outcome of Bleeding Kansas?

It caused popular sovereignty

7

What did John Brown do? Who supported him?

He led a massacre resulting in the death of proslavery men. The north supported him

8

What did the south think of John Brown?

They were in fear of him and others like him

9

Who used a walking cane to beat who?

Brooks used the walking cane to beat Sumner

10

What was the Dred Scott case?

A slave sued for his freedom but he wasn't considered a citizen.

11

What caused the Democratic Party to split into two parties?

The Dred Scott case

12

What was the outcome of the Dred Scott case?

The Supreme Court ruled that slaves are considered property even if they are in a free territory; they are unable to sue

13

What did Lincoln insist?

Lincoln insisted that territories be kept free of slavery (against expansion)

14

Why were the Lincoln/Douglas debates so important?

They were between two candidates running for president

15

What did Douglas support?

Popular sovereignty

16

What political party was Abraham Lincoln a part of?

The Republican Party

17

What were the three results of the Second Great Awakening?

1. Church membership rose
2. Increased motivation for many reform movements
3. Inspired many Americans to dedicate their lives to ending slavery

18

Who was the leader of the education reform?

Horace Mann

19

What was school like before the education reform?

Most children attend school, only the wealthy children did

20

What did Dorothy Dix represent? What reform did she lead?

She represented the suffering of humanity (the mentally ill treated in an inhuman manner). She lead the prison/mental hospital reform

21

Who was Frederick Douglas?

He was an abolitionist and a former slave

22

Who was Harriet Tubman?

The most famous conductor on the underground railroad, and she was often referred to as the Moses of the Underground Railroad

23

What did Elizabeth Cady Stanton do?

She supported woman's suffrage and she helped expose women's inequality

24

What was the outcome of women's suffrage?

19th amendment

25

What did Henry David Thoreau support?

Supported living simply and no need for luxuries

26

Who wrote the compromise of 1850?

Henry Clay

27

What was the outcome of the Compromise of 1850? (2 things)

1. The territory from the Mexican Cession would be open to slavery (popular sovereignty)
2. Ended slave trade in Washington DC

28

What was the most controversial part of the Compromise of 1850? What did it do?

The Fugitive Slave Act required citizens to capture and return runaway slaves