3rd Nine Weeks test👿 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 3rd Nine Weeks test👿 Deck (69):
1

Who was the man in debate who was against nullification?

Webster

2

Who proposed a compromise tariff and ended the crisis in 1833: was also known as the Great Compromiser?

Henry Clay

3

What was the idea that states can reject federal laws?

Nullification

4

Who was the nationalist who later defended sectionalism(Jackson's Vice-President)?

John Calhoun

5

Parties use rumors and lies to attack each other during political campaigns

Mudslinging

6

Presidents give people key positions in their administration if they supported them

Patronage

7

Describe The Indian Removal Act of 1830.

Jackson could revise removal treaties with the Native Americans: Forcing them to get off their land so we could use it for farming, gold, and other uses.

8

Describe the parts of the legacy of Jacksonian Democracy

State and Local- a larger number of state and local officials were elected rather that appointed;
Campaigning- presidential candidates now had to conduct national campaigns. Large political parties were needed to organize them;
Popular Election- in the Election of 1812, only South Carolina used the old system by which presidential electors were chosen by the state legislator

9

Who was the founder of the first American colony in Texas?

Stephen F. Austin

10

Who was the first president of the republic of Texas?

Sam Huston

11

Who was the leader of the Mormon church after Joseph Smith died?

Brigham Young

12

Who Opened the Santa Fe Trail?

William Becknell

13

Treaty that ended the war between the US and Mexico

Treaty of Guadalupe Hjeno

14

What was the last battle between Mexico and Texas where Texas won its independence called?

Battle of San Jacinto

15

What was the name of the religious group that settled in Utah?

Mormons

16

Belief that the US was sure to expand from sea to shinning sea?

Manifest Destiny

17

Land bought for $10 million form Mexico for a transcontinental railroad?

Gasden

18

What are the results of the treaty that ended the was with Mexico?

Ended the War
Made Rio Grande the border
Said Texas was a part of the US

19

Push or pull?
Religious and political turmoil

Push Factor

20

Push or pull?
Population growth and crowding

Push Factor

21

Push or pull?
Abundant land

Pull factor

22

Push or pull?
Crop failures

Push factor

23

Push or pull?
Industrial Revolution

Push factor

24

Push or pull?
Economic opportunity

Pull factor

25

Push or pull?
Agricultural changes

Push factor

26

Push or pull?
Freedom

Pull factor

27

Who wrote the first detective story?

Edgar Allen Poe

28

Who wrote Moby Dick?

Herman Melville

29

Who was the founder of the Hudson River school of painting?

Asher Durand

30

Who wrote about simple life at Walden Pond?

Henry David Thoreau

31

Who gave opportunities to blind people?

Samuel G. Howe

32

Who gave opportunities to deaf people?

Thomas H. Gallaudet

33

Education

Horace Mann

34

Asylums and prisons

Dorothea Dix

35

African-American woman who spoke out publicly against slavery and leader in struggle for women's rights

Sojourner Truth

36

Worked in the temperance and antislavery movements and built the women's movement into a national organization.

Susan B. Anthony

37

Spoke in public about personal witness of slavery; became an abolitionist

Angelia Grimkee

38

Famous abolitionist who lectured about his experiences as a slave

Frederick Douglas

39

Escaped slave who repeatedly risked life to help other slaves escape along the underground railroad

Harriet Tubman

40

Organized the Seneca Falls Convention in 1848

Elizabeth Stanton

41

A person who leaves a country

Emigrant

42

A person who comes into a country

Immigrant

43

Group with goal of restricting the influence of immigrants in the US

nativist

44

Belief that people find truth within themselves through feeling and intuition

Transcendentalism

45

Henry Clay

created the plan to settle the California problem (Compromise of 1850)

46

Stephen Douglas

Was in charge of winning passage of the bill as the Democratic party "whip"

47

Harriet Becher Stowe

Wrote Uncle Tom's cabin in 1852 to portray slavery as brutal and immortal

48

John Brown

Murdered 5 people because of their pro-slavery views and turnned people against the abolitionist

49

Chareles Sumner

Senator of Massachusetts who gave an anti-slavery speach in Congress, packed with insults
A. A relative of Butler, Preston Brooks heard about the speach and went to the Senate floor and beat sumner with a cane
B. Spent 3 and a half years recovering from the beating

50

John Freemot

1st Presidental cnadidate for Republican party

51

Dred Scott

Was taken into a free state and back to a slave state and sued for his freedom

52

Abraham Lincoln

The Republican candidate of the election of 1860
A.Candidate in 1860 who wanted to stop the spread of slavery

53

Wilmot Proviso

Stated that slavery would be outlawed in any territory the US might acquire form the war with Mexico

54

Compromise of 1850

States California wold be admitted as a free state
A.The slave trade wuld be abolished in Wahington DC

55

Fugitive Slave Act

Made it illegal to assist or help runaway slave

56

Kansas Nebraska Act of 1854

Created territories of Kansas and Nebraska
A. Allowed settlers to decide whether or not to have slavery within those territories
B.Repealed the 36-30 line of the missori Compromise

57

Republican Party

Formed in reation to the Kansas Nebraska act of 1854

58

Lincoln-Douglas debate


1.Lincoln argued, “a house divided against itself cannot stand.” Lincoln believed slavery should not be expanded
a.Douglas argued slavery should be decided by popular sovereignty.
b.Douglas won the debate.

59

Harpers Ferry


Brown and several white and black men attacked a United States Marine arsenal to capture weapons and supply a slave revolt.Attack had failed and John Brown was captured and hanged for murder and treason

60

States rights

Political theory Southerners used to justify withdrawing from the Union

61

Biggest issue that divided the north and the south

Compromise of 1850

62

Popular Sovereignty

Allowed settler to decide whether or not to have slavery within those territories

63

First 7 states that seceded

South Carolina, Mississippi, Florida, Alabama, Georgia, Louisiana, and Texas

64

Suffrage

The right to vote in political elections

65

Abolition

The idea of abolishing slavery

66

Free Soil Party

Formed to stop the spread of slavery into the new territories

67

Correct order of events

Wilmot Proviso
Free Soil Party
Republican party
Abraham Lincoln becomes president
Secession of South Carolina

68

Bleeding of Kansas

1. An alternative, anti-slavery government was set up in Lawrence, Kansas
2. pro slavery forces attacked because they say it as an illegal government
3. A proslavery mob attacked and destroyed Lawrence Kansas killing anti slavery members

69

Crittenden Plan

A compromise to keep the Civil war from happening