Flashcards in Roaring Twenties Deck (36):
Period of influential changes in lifestyles, arts, and technology
What was Arkansas nick name in the 1920s
The Wonder State
What was AR's largest money maker
Timber and Furniture industries
National Association for the advancement of colored people
Jazz club in Harlem, New York, that featured some of the greatest black of that time but only served whites
What year was the most destructive flood in American history
What was the unemployment rate during the great depression
How many banks and businesses declared bank ruptcy
Won by a large margin becoming the first female US senator and was from AR.
Closed all US banks; they were only allowed to reopen when proved financially strong
$9 million to rail roads; provided food, shelter, and money for unemployment
collected taxes to pay pensions for retired, disabled and unemployed.
One that is opposed to government programs
One that is supportive of government programs
Opposed to government regulation; hands off policy
Used FERA funds, to create an ideal farm community for AR relief Clients. Used AR Programs as model. Dyess is owner. Designed in the shape of a wagon wheel.
Turned Great Plains in to a dust bowl
Farmers who loaded up their belongings and moved west to California in search of food and Work
What did AR do for the war
engaged in wheatless Mondays and meatless Tuesdays
-bought $2 million in war bonds
-about 72,000 Arkansans served in the armed forces
Elaine race riots
Late September of 1919 union members were at an evening meeting 3 miles north of Elaine. Because of suspicion, African American soldiers were placed outside with guns. A car arrived outside carrying 2 armed men ( a deputy sheriff and a railroad agent along with a black trusty from jail) They were hunting for a whiskey runner. It was not known who shot first, but shots broke out. On the 2 days ad One night of the Elaine race riot, 5 whites and 25 blacks were killed. Other reports had black deaths at a number closer to 100. The highest estimate of black deaths was 856. After the riot, 65 African American were tried for various charges. 12 were sentenced to death. 4 were murdered. They quickly appealed to higher courts. Little Rocks leading African American lawyer was Scorpio Jones. The New National Association of colored People. (NAACP) helped finance appeals. In the end the high courts freed all the men.
-Women granted right to vote
-Role of women changed
-Began building telephone lines across the state
-Then he founded the Arkansas Power and light company. Which brought electricity to many parts of the state. The company eventually became Entergy.
-Convinced Northern Bankers to build dams on the Ouachita lake, Lakes Catherine, and Lake Hamilton.
-Started Arkansas first radio station WOK in Pine Bluff
Arkansas Advancement Association
Formed to promote good points of the state to out-of-state investors
-Brought new paper and magazine writers to tour Arkansas
Using borrowed money to fund government programs
Formed to ban savings accounts
To end peoples need for government aid; People were hired to build, it became Arkansas largest employer
Paid farmers NOT to grow crops; as quantity decreased price stabilized.
Payments went to landowners not tenants who farmed the land. Landowners didn't share the money; Union was formed by black Share croppers.
Southern tenant farmers union
Hired projects like trails and cabins for Petit Jean MTN.
Hired for skilled laborers for projects such as Robinson theater
-Liberal woman with their newly found freedoms
-Wore bobbed hair, makeup, and shorter dresses
-Prohibited the manufacturing, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages.
An AR Soldier killed in action during WW1 who received the Congressional medal of Honor
Oscar Franklin Miller
An accomplished markson in the US Army during WW1; awarded the distinguished service cross
Soldier who served 2 months in WW1 before his plane was shot down and later his diary was assembled into war birds: The Diary of an Unknown Aviator.