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Flashcards in Roaring Twenties Deck (36):
1

Period of influential changes in lifestyles, arts, and technology

Roaring Twenties

2

What was Arkansas nick name in the 1920s

The Wonder State

3

What was AR's largest money maker

Timber and Furniture industries

4

NAACP

National Association for the advancement of colored people

5

Jazz club in Harlem, New York, that featured some of the greatest black of that time but only served whites

Cotton Club

6

What year was the most destructive flood in American history

1927

7

What was the unemployment rate during the great depression

25%

8

How many banks and businesses declared bank ruptcy

Over 100,000

9

Won by a large margin becoming the first female US senator and was from AR.

Hattie Caraway

10

Closed all US banks; they were only allowed to reopen when proved financially strong

Bank Holiday

11

$9 million to rail roads; provided food, shelter, and money for unemployment

FERA

12

collected taxes to pay pensions for retired, disabled and unemployed.

Social Security

13

One that is opposed to government programs

Conservative

14

One that is supportive of government programs

Liberal

15

Opposed to government regulation; hands off policy

Laissez Faire

16

Used FERA funds, to create an ideal farm community for AR relief Clients. Used AR Programs as model. Dyess is owner. Designed in the shape of a wagon wheel.

Dyess Colony

17

Turned Great Plains in to a dust bowl

Drought

18

Farmers who loaded up their belongings and moved west to California in search of food and Work

Arkies

19

What did AR do for the war

engaged in wheatless Mondays and meatless Tuesdays
-bought $2 million in war bonds
-about 72,000 Arkansans served in the armed forces

20

Elaine race riots

Late September of 1919 union members were at an evening meeting 3 miles north of Elaine. Because of suspicion, African American soldiers were placed outside with guns. A car arrived outside carrying 2 armed men ( a deputy sheriff and a railroad agent along with a black trusty from jail) They were hunting for a whiskey runner. It was not known who shot first, but shots broke out. On the 2 days ad One night of the Elaine race riot, 5 whites and 25 blacks were killed. Other reports had black deaths at a number closer to 100. The highest estimate of black deaths was 856. After the riot, 65 African American were tried for various charges. 12 were sentenced to death. 4 were murdered. They quickly appealed to higher courts. Little Rocks leading African American lawyer was Scorpio Jones. The New National Association of colored People. (NAACP) helped finance appeals. In the end the high courts freed all the men.

21

19th Amendment

-Women granted right to vote
-Role of women changed

22

Harvey Couch

-Began building telephone lines across the state
-Then he founded the Arkansas Power and light company. Which brought electricity to many parts of the state. The company eventually became Entergy.
-Convinced Northern Bankers to build dams on the Ouachita lake, Lakes Catherine, and Lake Hamilton.
-Started Arkansas first radio station WOK in Pine Bluff

23

Arkansas Advancement Association

Formed to promote good points of the state to out-of-state investors
-Brought new paper and magazine writers to tour Arkansas

24

Using borrowed money to fund government programs

Deflict spending

25

Formed to ban savings accounts

FDIC

26

To end peoples need for government aid; People were hired to build, it became Arkansas largest employer

WPA

27

Paid farmers NOT to grow crops; as quantity decreased price stabilized.

AAA

28

Payments went to landowners not tenants who farmed the land. Landowners didn't share the money; Union was formed by black Share croppers.

Southern tenant farmers union

29

Hired projects like trails and cabins for Petit Jean MTN.

CCC

30

Hired for skilled laborers for projects such as Robinson theater

PWA

31

Flapper

-Liberal woman with their newly found freedoms
-Wore bobbed hair, makeup, and shorter dresses

32

18th amendment

-Prohibited the manufacturing, sale, or transportation of alcoholic beverages.
-Prohibition

33

An AR Soldier killed in action during WW1 who received the Congressional medal of Honor

Oscar Franklin Miller

34

An accomplished markson in the US Army during WW1; awarded the distinguished service cross

Herman Davis

35

Soldier who served 2 months in WW1 before his plane was shot down and later his diary was assembled into war birds: The Diary of an Unknown Aviator.

John Grider

36

Native of Gravette (Benton County) and a WW1 flying ace; earned the British distinguished flying cross and the American distinguished service cross with an oak leaf cluster. Only 2 people in the war shot down aircraft for the US army Airseriviece during WW1

Field E. Kindley