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Flashcards in 4th 9wks test Deck (60):
1

Only person in Arkansas that voted NOT to secede form Union; became governor of "Union" Arkansas

Isaac Murphey

2

Number of people who served in Union forces and people in Confederate forces in AR

Union- 8,000
Confederacy- 60,000

3

Commanding Confederate General

Robert E. Lee

4

After which battle did Lincoln raise a "real" army?

First Battle of Bull Run

5

Commanding Union general at Battle of Shiloh

Ulysses S. Grant

6

Bloodiest day in American history

Battle of Antietam

7

Union victory that successfully cut the Confederacy in half

The Battle of Vicksburg

8

City that became head of state government after Little Rock was captured

Washington, Arkansas

9

Largest battle west of the Mississippi River

Pea Ridge

10

General that used "total war" in Arkansas

Thomas Hindman

11

Confederate camp near Cabot that marks death from disease of around 1500 soldiers

Camp Nelson

12

Union plan to take Shreveport; Included Little Rock

Anaconda Plan

13

Location for the final surrender of Civil war

Appomattox Courthouse

14

Describe Emancipation Proclamation

Allowed freed slaves to enlist in the Union army which increased the available manpower of the north. Freed all the slave in Confederate states still in rebellion against the United States

15

Organization formed to educate black citizens, feed poor and established hospitals

Freedmen's Bureau

16

Describe Brooks Baxter War

Conflict between 2 Republicans running for AR governor resulting in 200 deaths

17

Describe sharecropper

Farmer who rents land and receives portion of profit from crop after paying fees to landowners

18

Describe iron-clad oath

Sworn loyalty to the United States both prior to the Civil War and following the war; effectively excluded all confederates from voting during reconstruction

19

Democrats who came to power after Republicans ending Reconstruction

Redeemers

20

13th amendment

Prohibited slaves

21

14th Amendment

All people born or naturalized couldn't be denied citizenship rights based on race, nation of origin, or previous condition of servitude

22

15th Amendment

Citizens Could not be denied the right to vote based on race, nation of origin, or previous condition of servitude

23

Three groups that held political position in Arkansas at beginning of reconstruction

African Americans, Scalawags, and carpet baggers

24

Supreme Court case for "separate but equal"

The phrase that was allowed by the Supreme Court in 1896 in the Plessy vs. Ferguson case

25

Jeff Davis

This man presented himself as one of the simple folk: able to reach the small farmers and hill country people- they were his wool-hat boys. He posed as the hero of the poor whites by speaking out against the rich. He believed African Americans should be kept in their place

26

George Donaghey

This governor brought an end to the shameful convict-lease system; released 360 men from prison who were serving time for minor crimes

27

Joe Robison

He was congressman, governor, and senator in a space of just 2 weeks

28

Charles Brough

The corporation commission was formed during this governors term

29

Elaine Race Riot

The Union was having a meeting in late September of 1919. For safety, they put two armed African Americans outside the door. A car arrived with a deputy, a railroad agents, and a rusty from jail. They said they were looking for a whiskey runner. Shots broke out, no one knows who shot first

30

Describe Southern Tenant Farmers Union

A union that wanted to get a fair share of government payments

31

First African American teacher in Little Rock

Charlotte Stephens

32

First woman elected to serve as a United States Senator

Hattie Caraway

33

Dyess Colony

It was communal; strictly for white Arkansans; Designed in the shape of a wagon wheel

34

FDIC

Formed to back savings accounts; encouraged people to put money back ito the banks

35

Social Security

Formed to collect taxes to be used to pay pensions for retired, disabled, and unemployed

36

FERA

Provided food, shelter, and money for the unemployed

37

Arkansas' 1920s new official nickname

The Wonder State

38

Impact of depression in Arkansas

192 bank failed
local and county governments ran out of funds
1/2 of all the businesses closed

39

Year of the most destructive flood in Arkansas

1927

40

Harvey Couch accomplishments

Put telephone lines all over the state
Founded Arkansas Power and Light company which gave power to most of the state. Later became entergy
Convinced Banks to build dams on Ouachita River, Lake Hamilton, and Lake Catherine
Founded Arkansas First Radio Station in Pine Bluff

41

Liberal

Term means one supportive of government programs

42

Conservative

Term means one opposed to government programs

43

Deflict spending

Using borrowed money to fund government programs

44

Industry increased during WWII

Bauxite

45

Executive order of 9066

This ordered Japanese Americans to move to relocation camps

46

Two Japanese internment camps in Arkansas

Jerome
Rohower

47

Three POW camps in Arkansas

Dermott
Chaffee
Robinson

48

Williwaw War

Describes sudden violent gusts of wind, often accompanied by rain, show and fog

49

Arkansas' population trend between 1940 and 1950

Arkansas' population decreased 10.9% as people went to other states for work

50

Hoxie

September 1955- moved 21 African Americans into its school system

51

Fayetteville

Integrated 6 weeks later with 6 African American Students

52

Charleston

First district in the "old South" to comply with the Brown vs. Board of Education decision

53

Central High Crisis

9 African Americans were sent to Central High in Little Rock in 1957

54

Arkansas governor during Central High crisis

Orval Faubus

55

David Pryor

Popular Arkansas politician who served as a state legislator, governor, U.S Senator, and in the U.S House of Representatives

56

Dale Bumbers

A successful Arkansas governor in the 1970s, 80s, and 90s

57

William Fulbright

Gained recognition by challenging and eventually helping to punish McCarthy

58

John McClellan

Led other democrats on Senate Committee to walk out of hearings in protest of Senator McCarthy's brash and aggressive behavior

59

Winthrop Rockefeller

The first republican governor since reconstruction

60

Elsijane Roy

First woman Senator