4) English society at the end of the fifteenth century Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4) English society at the end of the fifteenth century Deck (11)
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1

when was the Black Death?

1348-1349

2

what were sumptuary laws?

laws that attempted to regulate how people dressed dependant on their social status

3

how did Henry control the nobility?

Bonds - This was a written obligation. The aristocrat agreed to pay a penalty if certain conditions set by the King were not met. Recognizances - This usually involved a previous debt or misconduct towards the King. Like with the bond, the aristocrat would sign an obligation promising to behave him-self in future.

4

what was bastard feudalism also known as?

retaining
reciprocal relationship between the magnate and his retainers.
in return for service, a retainer might receive rewards such as local office or grants of land as well as direct payment.
some saw the system as abusive

5

when was a law against retaining established?

1487

6

the gentry

- possession of a knighthood
-considerable income
-considerable social prestige

7

two important clergymen

John morton
Richard fox

8

social hierarchy

nobility
gentry
higher clergy
commoners
yeomen
husbandmen
labourers
vagrants

9

what two rebellions took place in henrys reign?

York 1489
Cornwall 1497

10

yorkshire rebellion

sparked by taxation granted by parliament in 1489

11

Cornish rebellion

sparked from the demand for extraordinary revenue to finance a far away military campaign