4.1 Active and Reactive Monitoring Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in 4.1 Active and Reactive Monitoring Deck (11)
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Measurements can be either quantitative or qualitative. Quantitative measurements are numerical and objective e.g.

the accident injury incidence rate (AIIR).


Measurements can be either quantitative or qualitative. Qualitative measurements are subjective and judgemental e.g.

the standards of housekeeping have improved.


Monitoring involves

collecting information, such as measurements or observations, over time, which when collated provides management information on performance trends and fluctuations.


Auditing is

the structured process of collecting independent information on the efficiency, effectiveness and reliability of the total health and safety management system and drawing up plans for corrective action.


Reviewing is

the process of making judgements about the adequacy of performance and taking decisions about the nature and timing of the actions necessary to remedy deficiencies.


The management system requires both active (proactive) and reactive monitoring systems:  Active Systems monitor...

the effectiveness of workplace precautions, RCS’s and management arrangements, and provide leading indicators of performance


The management system requires both active (proactive) and reactive monitoring systems:  Reactive Systems monitor...

accidents, ill health, incidents and other evidence of deficient health and safety performance. (i.e. lagging indicators)


Why monitor and review?

 identifying substandard health and safety practices and conditions;  identifying trends of types of accident, injury or illness;  comparing actual performance with previously set targets;  “benchmarking” performance against similar organisations or an industry norm;  evaluating the effectiveness of existing control measures and making decisions on addressing any deficiencies identified;  identifying new or changed risks;  assessing compliance with legal requirements;  providing the Board of Directors and / or safety committee with relevant information;  boosting morale and motivate the workforce through positive reinforcement on progress; and  maintaining external accreditations of OHSAS 18001.


Active monitoring gives information on:

 Progress against specific plans and objectives;  The effectiveness of the health and safety management system; and  The degree of compliance with performance standards.


The various forms and levels of active monitoring include:

AuditsInspectionsJob observationsHealth/medical surveillanceEnvironmental monitoringBenchmarking


Reactive systems, by definition, are triggered after an event and include identifying and reporting:

 injuries and cases of ill health (including monitoring of sickness absence records);  other losses, such as damage to property;  incidents, including near misses with the potential to cause injury, ill health or loss;  complaints by the workforce regarding health, safety and welfare issues;  enforcement actions, such as prosecutions, enforcement notices or informal letters;  civil claims for compensation; and  the costs arising out of all of the above.