Medical Terminology 1 Flashcards Preview

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Flashcards in Medical Terminology 1 Deck (84)
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1
Q

Adduction

A

Movement toward the midline

Lowering the arm to the side of the body

2
Q

Anterior

A

Toward the front

The umbilicus (navel) is on the anterior aspect of the body

3
Q

Apex

A

Tip of a structure

The apex of the heart points downward

4
Q

Base

A

The lower part of a structure

The bases of the lungs rest against the diaphragm

5
Q

Deep

A

Toward the inside of the body

Muscles are deep in reference to the skin

6
Q

Distal

A

Away from the midline or point of reference

The foot is distal to the knee

7
Q

Dorsal

A

Toward the back (posterior)

My heel is on the dorsal side

8
Q

Extension

A

Straightening a joint to move 2 parts further apart

Straightening the knee is extending it

9
Q

Flexion

A

Bending a joint to bring 2 parts closer together

Bending/flexing elbow is the same thing

10
Q

Inferior

A

Below

My knee is inferior to my pelvis

11
Q

Lateral

A

Toward the side away from the midline

Thumb is on lateral aspect of the hand

12
Q

Medial

A

Toward the midline

Inside of the leg is the medial aspect

13
Q

Midline

A

Vertical line separates body into left and right halves

Nose is in the midline

14
Q

Posterior

A

Toward the back

Shoulder blades are on posterior aspect of the body

15
Q

Prone

A

Lying face down

Sleeping on your stomach

16
Q

Proximal

A

Near the midline or point of reference

Elbow is proximal to the hand

17
Q

Superficial

A

Toward the outer surface of the body

Skin is superficial to the muscles

18
Q

Superior

A

Above

Superior aspect of tongue read against roof of mouth

19
Q

Supine

A

Lying on the posterior aspect of the body

Sleeping on your back is supine

20
Q

Ventral

A

Toward the front

Sternum is on the ventral aspect of the body

21
Q

Aden (adeno)

A

Gland

Adenoma (glandular tumor)

22
Q

Carcin (carcino)

A

Cancer

Carcinogenic (causes cancer)

23
Q

Cardi (cardio)

A

Heart

Cardiomegaly (enlargement of the heart)

24
Q

Cyt (cyto)

A

Cell

Cytology (study of cells)

25
Q

Derma (dermato)

A

Skin

Dermatitis (inflammation of the skin)

26
Q

Enter (entero)

A

Small intestine

Gastroenteritis (inflammation of the stomach/intestine)

27
Q

Gastr (gastro)

A

Stomach

Gastric (pertaining to stomach)

28
Q

Gyne (gyneco)

A

Female

Gynecology (study of females particularly reproductive system)

29
Q

Hema (hemato)

A

Blood

Hematoma (collection of blood within a tissue)

30
Q

Hydr (hydro)

A

Water

Hydrostatic ( pressure by non moving water)

31
Q

Necr (necro)

A

Death

Necrosis (condition of death, such as death of tissues)

32
Q

Somat (somato)

A

Body

Somatic (pertaining to the body)

33
Q

Path (patho)

A

Disease

Pathogenic (disease causing)

34
Q

Nulli

A

None

35
Q

Hemi

A

Half

36
Q

Semi

A

Half or partial

37
Q

Uni

A

One

38
Q

Mono

A

One

39
Q

Bi

A

Two

40
Q

Poly

A

Many

41
Q

Multi

A

Many

42
Q

Tri

A

Three

43
Q

Tetra

A

Four

44
Q

Quad

A

Four

45
Q

a- / an-

A

Without

Afebrile (without fever)
Anuria (without urine)

46
Q

Ante

A

Before, infront of

Antemortem (before death)

47
Q

Anti

A

Against

Anticoagulant (against clotting)

48
Q

Brady

A

Slow

Bradycardia (slow heart rate)

49
Q

Con

A

Together or with

Congenital (present at birth “born together”)

50
Q

Dys

A

Painful or difficult

Dyspnea (difficulty breathing)

51
Q

Epi

A

Above or upon

Epidural (outmost lining of the brain)

52
Q

Eu

A

Normal

Eupenea (normal breathing)

53
Q

Hyper

A

Above, over

Hypertension (high blood pressure)

54
Q

Hypo

A

Under, below

Hypotension (low blood pressure)

55
Q

Inter

A

Between

Intercostal (between the ribs)

56
Q

Intra

A

Within

Intraocular (within the eye)

57
Q

Macro

A

Large

Macroscopic (large, visible to the eye)

58
Q

Micro

A

Small

Microvasculature (small blood vessels)

59
Q

Neo

A

New

Neoplasm (new growth of cells)

60
Q

Per

A

Through

Percutaneous (through the skin)

61
Q

Peri

A

Around

Periumbilical (around the novel)

62
Q

Post

A

After

Postoperative (after surgery)

63
Q

Pre

A

Before

Prenatal (before birth)

64
Q

Pseudo

A

False

Pseudomembrane (false membrane)

65
Q

Retro

A

Backward, behind

Retrosternal (behind the sternum)

66
Q

Sub

A

Below, under

Subcutaneous (below the skin)

67
Q

Supra/super

A

Above, over

Supraventricular (above the ventricles)

68
Q

Tachy

A

Rapid, fast

Tachypnea (rapid breathing)

69
Q

Arthritis

A

Inflammation of a joint

70
Q

Cervical

A

Pertaining to the neck

71
Q

Myeloid

A

Pertaining to the bone marrow

72
Q

Osteoporosis

A

Porous bones

73
Q

Orthopedics

A

Branch of medicine dealing with disorders of the musculoskeletal system

74
Q

Pericardium

A

Sac around the heart

75
Q

Vasodilation

A

Dilation of the blood vessels

76
Q

Thrombosis

A

Condition of blood clotting

77
Q

Apnea

A

Absence of breathing

78
Q

Bronchoconstriction

A

Narrowing of the bronchioles as in asthma

79
Q

Dyspnea

A

Difficulty breathing

80
Q

Hypercapnia

A

High levels of carbon dioxide

81
Q

Hypoxia

A

Low level of oxygen

82
Q

Orphaeyngeal

A

Pertaining to oral cavity and throat

83
Q

Pneumothorax

A

Air within the chest cavity

84
Q

Abduction

A

Movement away from the midline.

Lifting the arm out to the side.