Unit 2 Haloalkanes Flashcards

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1
Q

Name the following haloalkane H H H
I I I
H-C-C -C-Br
I I I
H H H

A

1 bromo- propane

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2
Q

What property does the C-Br bond have

A

The C-Br bond is polar so it can be attacked by a nucleophile

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3
Q

List 3 nucleophiles

A

NH3 + CN + OH

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4
Q

what type of reaction do haloalkanes undergo

A

Nucleophilic Substitution + Nucleophilic Elimination

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5
Q

Name the following Nitrile H H
I I
H -C-C-CN
I I
H H

A

propanenitrile

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6
Q

which bond from C-F to C-I is most reactive

A

C-F reacts slower than C-I because as you go down the bonds the bonds become weaker (lower bond enthalpy) so they are easily broken so become more reactive

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7
Q

What are the conditions for substitution vs elimination

A

Substitution= aqueous in water room temp Elimination= Aqeous in ethanol, under reflux, room temp

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