46 and 51 Flashcards Preview

CNA > 46 and 51 > Flashcards

Flashcards in 46 and 51 Deck (59):
1

what does cognitive functioning NOT relate to

memory loss and personality

2

a person is confused after surgery. the confusion is likely to be

temporary

3

a person is confused. what measures should you question

restrain in bed at night

4

a person has delusions. what is it

a false belief

5

a person has AD. what is it

it ends in death

6

what is not common in persons with AD

paralysis, dyspnea, and pain

7

a person leaves the agency without staff knowledge

elopement

8

sundowning means that

behaviors are worse during hours of darkness

9

a person with AD keeps telling you that someone is stealing things. what should you do

tell the nurse - someone could be abusing the person

10

a person has AD. To communicate with him or her you should

limit the persons choices

11

a person with AD is screaming. you know that this is

a way of communication

12

a person with AD tends to wander. what should you NOT do

tell the person where to wander safely

13

t or f the person can keep smoking materials

False

14

which of these can cause delusions in persons with AD

mirrors

15

you are caring for a person with AD. T OR F you can reason with the person

false

16

which helps prevent many of the behaviors and problems of AD

soothing music

17

AD support groups do a lot except

provide care

18

t or f a person with AD is agitated and restless. a caregiver may have caused the behaviors

t

19

t or f a person with AD may mistake you for a sexual partner. this is called hyper sexuality

false

20

t or f a person with AD keeps moving an empty cup back and forth across the table. the behavior is not harming anyone. the behavior can continue

true

21

t or f a person with AD hides things. you should check wastebaskets before emptying them

true

22

t or f the person with AD can control behavior

f

23

t or f the person with AD can tell you about pain, constipation, and other discomforts

f

24

t or f the person with AD is at risk for infection from poor hygiene after elimination

true

25

t or f a set routine is important for the person with AD

t

26

t or f you can use gestures or point to things to communicate with persons who have AD

true

27

restraints help improve the behaviors of AD

f

28

family members continue their hobbies and holiday events. they are abusing the person with AD

F

29

what does AD stand for

ALZHEIMER DISEASE

30

life threatening sensitivity to an antigen

anaphylaxis

31

another name for sudden cardiac arrest

cardiac arrest

32

another name for seizure

convulsion

33

sudden loss of consciousness from an inadequate blood supply to the brain

fainting

34

emergency care given to an ill or injured person before medical help arrives

first aid

35

excessive loss of blood in a short time

hemorrhage

36

breathing stops but heart action continues for several minutes

respiratory arrest

37

violent and sudden contractions or tremors of muscle groups; convulsion

seizure

38

results when tissues and organs do not get enough blood

shock

39

heart stops suddenly and without warning; cardiac arrest

sudden cardiac arrest

40

goals of first aid are to

prevent death and prevent injuries from becoming worse

41

when giving first aid you should

know your own limits

42

sudden cardiac arrest is

the sudden stopping of heart action

43

signs of sudden cardiac arrest are

no response, no normal breathing, and no pulse

44

rescue breathing for an adult involves

giving a breath every 5-6 seconds

45

in adult CPR the chest is compressed

at least 2 inches with two hands

46

when checking for breathing

look for no breathing or gasping

47

which pulse is used during adult CPR

carotid pulse

48

which compression rate is used for adult, child, and infant CPR

AT LEAST 100 compressions per minute

49

when doing adult CPR

give 2 breaths after every 30 compressions

50

two rescuers are giving child CPR. rescue breaths are given

after every 15 compressions

51

arterial bleeding

occurs in spurts

52

a person is hemorrhaging from the left forearm. your first action is to

apply direct pressure to the wound

53

a person is about to faint. what should you do

have the person sit or lie down

54

which is not a sign of shock

high bp

55

a person in shock needs

to be kept lying down

56

a person is having a stroke. emergency care involves the following but doesn't involve

giving the person sips of water

57

statements relate to tonic-clonic seizures. t or f seizures last 5 seconds

false

58

person was burned. there are no complaints of pain. you know that

the burn is full thickness

59

burns are covered with

a clean, moist cloth or dressing