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Flashcards in midterm Deck (82):
1

1 cubic centimeter

1 mL

2

30 mL

1 OZ

3

8 oz liq

1 cup liq

4

1000 mL

1 L

5

besides adams apple

carotid

6

on temple bone

temporal

7

at apex of heart

apical

8

in bend of arm at elbow

brachial

9

on thumb side of wrist

radial

10

in the groin

femoral

11

behind the knee

popliteal

12

on top of foot

pedal

13

normal pulse range for an adult

72-80 ?

14

normal pulse range for an adult

60 to 100?

15

normal respiration rate for an adult

12 to 20

16

normal blood pressure

120/80

17

what is the range of normal bp

90/60 up to 140/90

18

normal axillary temp is

97.6

19

what is the range of a normal axillary temp

96.6-98.6

20

normal oral temp

98.6

21

range oral temp

97.6-99.6

22

normal rectal temp

99.6

23

range rectal temp

98.6-100.6

24

how long is the axillary temp taken for

5-10 minutes

25

how long is the oral temperature taken for

2-3 minutes

26

how long is the rectal temp taken for

2-3 minutes `

27

what process do you NOT use on a heart disease patient

do not take temp rectal

28

normal body temp in fahrenheit

98.6

29

normal body temp is celsius

37.0

30

the little dashes on thermometer in fahrenheit are what

.2 ; always will be an even number

31

little dashes on thermometer in fahrenheit

.1 ;even or odd

32

on oxygen patient what do you use

axillary

33

breathing air into

inhalation

34

breathing air out of the lungs

exhalation

35

which way do you shave a patient

the way the hair grows

36

where do you put the razor after you are done shaving

in the sharp box

37

what is your job as a CNA

take care of hygiene; basic care needs (bathing, making beds, shaving, going to bathroom)

38

how do you become a CNA

21 skills and pass competency

39

when do you change the water when bathing

changing perineal parts (from front to back OR arms to perineal), or when water gets too cold/soapy.

40

if you are making a bed by yourself and there are no side rails what should you do

ask someone to help

41

if someone is choking what is the first thing you should do

ask if they can talk/respond.
can't talk=abdominal thrust

42

before you do anything what should you do

tell the patient what you are about to do

43

how do you check if you have the right resident

check identification bracelet

44

the sit-to-stand needs how many workers

at least 2

45

how do you wash hands

wash them downward, then dry tips to wrist

46

if someone is falling what are you going to do

gently ease them to the floor and protect head

47

what should you report to the nurse at once

changes in temp, bp, any pain, or discomfort

48

if something is stolen what kind of report are you going to write

an incident report

49

when do you wear gloves

bathing perineal and rectal, brushing teeth, changing soiled linens, specimen

50

how do you prevent pressure ulcers

reposition; keep pressure off bony prominence

51

what are some of the patients rights

chose what to wear, right to know/refuse, set up room how they like

52

who should you report problems to

the nurse

53

if the nurse isn't there and there is a problem who do you go to

go up above her, DON

54

intentionally attempting or threatening to touch a persons body without the persons consent

assault

55

willful infliction of injury, unreasonable confinement, intimidation, or punishment that results in physical harm, pain, or mental anguish; depriving the person of goods or services needed to attain or maintain well being

abuse

56

physically touching a persons body without his or her consent

battery

57

failure to provide the person with the goods or services needed to avoid physical harm, mental anguish, or mental illness

neglect

58

an unintentional wrong in which a person did not act in a reasonable and careful manner and a person or the persons property was harmed

negligence

59

unlawful restraint or restriction of a persons freedom of movement

false imprisonment

60

separating a person from others against his or her will, keeping the person to a certain area, or keeping the person away from his or her room without consent

involuntary seclusion

61

a health care agency or program for persons who are dying; terminally ill

hospice

62

how do you stop an incontinence person from wetting the bed all the time

come quickly and answer fast when call light is pressed

63

pain felt in a body part that is no longer there

phantom pain

64

when you do not understand what the nurse says what should you do

ask the nurse to clarify

65

when reporting to the nurse that the patient is having pain what do you tell them exactly

where the pain is and the severity

66

who is in charge of the CNA training

OBRA

67

who is in charge of the environment

OCEAN

68

who is in charge of a person's rights

HIPPA

69

when do you wear gloves pt.2

any chance there is blood and/or body fluids

70

what is good body mechanics

good posture, balance, and using your strongest and largest muscles for work

71

good body mechanics includes (examples)

raising bed waist high, bending knees

72

the back lying position is called

supine position

73

breathing is usually easier in which position

fowlers position

74

head of bed is raised 45-60 degrees

fowlers position

75

pillow is placed against the persons back in

lateral position

76

what are restraints

doctors orders; removed every 2 hours

77

how do you put clothes on a patient

on-weak side; off-strong side

78

how do you transfer a patient

you are in front of them

79

what types of people need supervision all the time

alzheimers

80

for safety purposes

use gait belt every time

81

if person is receiving oxygen their temp is NOT taken

orally

82

less reliable than other sites; used when other sites cannot be used

axillary